Cyber crime and security


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PowerPoint Presentation Shuaib Ibrahim Adam ME. Telecommunication Engineering Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications Cyber Crime & Security Out Line Introduction Definition History Categories of Cyber crime Types of Cyber Crime Reason for Cyber crime Security of Cyber Advantages of Cyber Security Prevention tips for cyber security Conclusion TO Understand introduction The internet is growing rapidly. It has given rise to new opportunities in every field we can think of be it entertainment, business, sports or education. There’re two sides to a coin. Internet also has it’s own disadvantages is Cyber crime- illegal activity committed on the internet. Cyber crime is an activity done using computers and internet. We can say that it is an unlawful acts wherein the computer either a tool or target or both. definition of cyber crime Cybercrime is nothing but where the computer used as an object or subject of crime! Crime committed using a computer and the internet to steal a person’s identity!! Illegal imports Malicious programs History of cyber crime The first recorded cyber crime took place in 1920. India, Japan and China, the era of modern computer, however, began with the analytical engine of Charles Babbage. The first spam email took place in 1976 when it was sent out over the ARPANT. The first virus was installed on an Apple computer in 1982 when a high school student, Rich skrenta, developed the EIK Cloner. Categorization of cyber crime The Computer as a Target:-using a computer to attack other computers. E.g. Hacking, Virus/Worm attacks, DOS attack etc. The computer as a weapon:-using a computer to commit real world crimes. E.g. Cyber Terrorism, IPR violations, Credit card frauds, EFT frauds, Pornography etc. Cyber Crime regulated by Cyber Laws or Internet Laws. types of cyber crime The Hacking Denial of service attack Virus Dissemination Computer Vandalism Cyber Terrorism Software Piracy types of cyber crime Web Jacking Reason for cyber crime 1. Easy to Access: - The problem encountered in guarding a computer system from unauthorized access is that there is every possibility of breach not due to human error but due to the complex technology. 2. Complex: - The computers work on operating systems and these operating systems in turn are composed of millions of codes. Human mind is fallible and it is not possible that there might not be a lapse at any stage. 3. Negligence: - Negligence is very closely connected with human conduct. It is therefore very probable that while protecting the computer system there might be any negligence, which in turn provides a cyber-criminal to gain access and control over the computer system. 4. Loss of Evidence: - Loss of evidence is a very common & obvious problem as all the data are routinely destroyed. security What is cyber security Cyber security is a branch of computer security specifically related to the internet. It’s objectives is to establish rules and measure to use against attacks over the internet. Advantages of Cyber security The cyber security will defend us from critical attacks. It helps us to browse the site, website. Internet Security process all the incoming and outgoing data on your computer. It will defend us from hacks and virus. Application of cyber security used in our PC needs update every week Cybercrime prevention Cybercrime prevention can be straight-forward - when armed with a little technical advice and common sense, many attacks can be avoided. In general, online criminals are trying to make their money as quickly and easily as possible. The more difficult you make their job, the more likely they are to leave you alone and move on to an easier target. Safety tips for cyber crime Use antivirus software’s. Insert firewalls. Uninstall unnecessary software Maintain backup. Check security settings. Stay anonymous - choose a genderless screen name. Never give your full name or address to strangers. Learn more about Internet privacy. Make Sure your Computer is configured securely Choose Strong Passwords and Keep them Safe. Conclusion The Computer Security is a continuous battle As computer security gets tighter hackers are getting smarter!!! Computer and information security continue to grow in importance Nobody ever said this was going to be easy! Neglecting security is the worst thing you can do!! Cyber security is everyone’s responsibility