Internet of Things (IoT) - We Are at the Tip of An Iceberg
You are likely benefitting from The Internet of Things (IoT) today, whether or not you’re familiar with the term. If your phone automatically connects to your car radio, or if you have a smartwatch counting your steps, congratulations! You have adopted one small piece of a very large IoT pie, even if you haven't adopted the name yet.
IoT may sound like a business buzzword, but in reality, it’s a real technological revolution that will impact everything we do. It's the next IT Tsunami of new possibility that is destined to change the face of technology, as we know it. IoT is the interconnectivity between things using wireless communication technology (each with their own unique identifiers) to connect objects, locations, animals, or people to the Internet, thus allowing for the direct transmission of and seamless sharing of data.
IoT represents a massive wave of technical innovation. Highly valuable companies will be built and new ecosystems will emerge from bridging the offline world with the online into one gigantic new network. Our limited understanding of the possibilities hinders our ability to see future applications for any new technology. Mainstream adoption of desktop computers and the Internet didn’t take hold until they became affordable and usable. When that occurred, fantastic and creative new innovation ensued. We are on the cusp of that tipping point with the Internet of Things.
IoT matters because it will create new industries, new companies, new jobs, and new economic growth. It will transform existing segments of our economy: retail, farming, industrial, logistics, cities, and the environment. It will turn your smartphone into the command center for the both digital and physical objects in your life. You will live and work smarter, not harder – and what we are seeing now is only the tip of the iceberg.
2. History of Internet of Things 3. 6.3 Billion6.8 Billion7.2 Billion7.6 Billion 500 Million12.5 Billion25 Billion50 Billion World Population Connected Devices Connected Devices Per Person 0.081.843.476.58 2003201020152020 More connected devices than people [Source: Cisco IBSG, April 2011] More Connected Devices Than People 4. Internet of Things Wave © 2013 MIMOS Berhad. All Rights Reserved. Deﬁnition of IoT* :Intelligent interactivity between human and things to exchange information & knowledge for new value creation.*National IoT Blueprint (Draft) Expected growth in the number of connected devices rvice and Big Data erera#*2 , Dimitrios Georgakopoulos#3 anberra, ACT, 2601, Australia email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com ence, The Australian National University, CT 0200, Australia of ly ge to es ale or in of es ch g, can be collected, analysed and interpreted. Further, European Commission  predicts that the present 'Internet of PCs' will move towards an 'Internet of Things' in which 50 to 100 billion devices will be connected to the Internet by 2020. Figure 1: The total amount of data generated on earth exceeded one zettabyte 5. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 6. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 7. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 8. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 9. Unlocking the Massive Potential of IoT 10. IOT Applications Convergence of Technology Trends 11. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 12. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 13. Cisco’s Study on Internet of Everything (IOE) USD 1.9 Trillion in the next decade [Source: http://www.telecomreseller.com/2014/01/11/cisco-study-says-ioe-can-create-savings/] 14. Smart Building Poised to generate $100Billion by lowering operating costs by reducing energy consumption through the integration of HVAC and other systems. [Source: http://www.telecomreseller.com/2014/01/11/cisco-study-says-ioe-can-create-savings/] 15. Gas Monitoring Generate USD 69Billion by reducing meter-reading costs and increasing the accuracy of readings for citizens and municipal utility agencies. [Source: http://www.telecomreseller.com/2014/01/11/cisco-study-says-ioe-can-create-savings/] 16. SmartParking Residents can identify and reserve the closest available space, traﬃc wardens can identify non-compliant usage, and municipalities can introduce demand- based pricing. Create USD 41Billion by providing visibility into the availability of parking spaces across the city. [Source: http://www.telecomreseller.com/2014/01/11/cisco-study-says-ioe-can-create-savings/] 17. Water Management Could generate USD 39Billion by connecting the household water meter over an IP network to provide remote information on use and status[Source: http://www.telecomreseller.com/2014/01/11/cisco-study-says-ioe-can-create-savings/] 18. “We are at the tipping point for broader IoT adoption with 53 percent of organizations planning to implement an IoT solution in the next 24 months. Organizations in Asia Paciﬁc and Latin America are more aggressive with 69 and 60 percent, respectively, planning to implement over the same time period” [Source: “Building Value from Visibility.” – A Forrester Consulting Thought Leadership paper Commissioned by Zebra Technologies, October 2012] Tipping Point 19. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 20. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 21. [Source: Postscape - http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ] 22. New Business Model The Internet of Things is not just about gathering of data but also about the analysis and use of data. 23. “Big Data is not magic. It doesn’t matter how much data you have if you can’t make sense of it.” 24. Growth of “Things” Connected to the Internet 25. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation ofAnswers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers toquestions The more data that is created, the better understanding and wisdom people can obtain. WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHEREWHEN 26. Sensing-as-a-Service : An IoT Cloud Service 27. IoT Cloud 28. Data Priv@cy Building Trust in the Digital Economy 29. Sensor Classiﬁcation Scheme Based on Ownership All personal items, such as mobile phones, wrist watches, spectacles, laptops, soft drinks, food items and household items, such as televisions, cameras, microwaves, washing machines, etc Private business organization has the right to take the decision whether to publish the sensors attached to those items to the cloud or not. Public infrastructure such as bridges, roads, parks, etc. All the sensors deployed by the government will be published in the cloud depending on government policies. Business entities who deploy and manage sensors by themselves by keeping ownership. They earn by publishing the sensors and sensor data they own through sensor publishers. Personal and Households Commercial Sensor Data Providers Organizations Public Private [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014] 30. The Sensing-as-a-Service Model [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014] 31. BENEFITS Sensing-As-A-Service 32. Harnessing the of the Application Developers 33. Built-in Cloud Computing – “Pay-per-Use” 34. Participatory Sensing - “Rapid deployment” 35. Sharing and Reusing – “Free or Paid” 36. Reduction of Data Acquisition Cost – “Sustainable Business Model” 37. Collect Data Previously Unavailable – “Assist scientiﬁc community or survey activities” 38. “New Perspectives” 39. IoT Applications - Examples 40. Smart Home Scenario – Interactions in Sensing-as-a- Service Model [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014] 41. Eﬃcient Waste Management in Smart Cities Supported by the Sensing-as-a-Service [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014] 42. IOT Application Scenario - Shopping (2) When shopping in the market, the goods will introduce themselves. (1) When entering the doors, scanners will identify the tags on her clothing. (4) When paying for the goods, the microchip of the credit card will communicate with checkout reader.(3) When moving the goods, the reader will tell the staﬀ to put a new one. 43. Eﬃcient and Eﬀective Collaborative Research Supported by Sensing-as-a-Service Model The sensing-as-a-service model allows researchers to share resources across borders and understand phenomenon which are not available in their own countries. 44. Crowdsensing 45. Smartphone as Your “Sensing Assistant” Sensors: • Camera – “Eyes” • Audio – “Ears” • Accelerometer – “Speed” • GPS – “Location” • Gyroscope – “Movement” • Compass – “Direction” • Proximity – “Closeness” • Ambient light – “Eyes” • Others… Crowdsourcing Via Crowdsensing Context 1. Spatial – Location / Speed Orientation 2. Temporal – Time / Duration 3. Environmental – Temperature / Light / Noise Level 4. User Characterization – Activity (Mobility Pattern) / Social (Friends, Interactions) 5. Resource Availability – Storage / Memory / Computational / Battery 46. NoiseTube – Crowdsourcing of Pollution Data Using Smartphones. What Motivates? • Citizens and Communities concerned with noise • Measure your daily sound exposure in dB(A) with your mobile phone • Tag noisy sources to inform the community about them • Visualize your measurements on a map and contribute to the creation of collective, city-wide noise maps • Compare your experience with that of others • Local governments / city planners • Improve decision-making by understanding local and global noise pollution in your city using maps and statistics • Get immediate feedback and opinions from citizens • Give immediate feedback to citizens • Researchers • Get access to and analyze (anonymized) collective noise data • Find out what is important in soundscape perception • Developers • Extend our mobile app in whichever way you see ﬁt • Use our environmental sensor web API to do your own web mashups [Note: See Google Map View] 47. Urban Crowdsensing 48. Functional View of IOT Technologies 49. Today’s Wireless Landscape 50. Communication Technologies 51. “Box-Level” View of IOT Building Blocks 52. How IoT Help Quantiﬁed-Self 53. HOW MANY STEPS HAVE YOU WALKED TODAY? 54. Average 3,000 – 4000 YESTERDAY I MADE 5,559 The recommended 10,000 steps a day originated in Japan in the early 1965. Japanese researchers led by Dr Yoshiro Hatano determined the average person took 3,500 to 5,000 steps per day, and that if they were to increase their steps to 10,000 steps per day, the result would be healthier, thinner people!
Dr. Hatano’s calculations also showed that we should walk 10,000 steps a day to burn about 20% of our caloric intake through activity. 55. Classiﬁcation of Pedometer-Determined Physical Activity • < 5000 steps/day - "sedentary lifestyle index” • 5,000-7,499 steps/day - "low active"• 7,500-9,999 steps/day - "somewhat active” • 10,000 steps/day - "active” • > 12,500 steps/day - "highly active" 56. Activity Tracker – Getting Fit 57. Am I a “Couch Potato”? Umrah Trip: 26/2 – 7/3/2014 58. How Well Do I Sleep? 59. Am I Healthy? 60. I Want To Know More About Myself • Where you’re going? • Who you’ve interacted with? • How long you’ve spoken to friends? • The aﬃnity of connections? • How long it takes to get to work? • The tone of your messages • The amount you text, tweet or update? • How much exercise you’re getting? • How much you get distracted? Can Internet of Things (IOT) Help Us To Know More About Ourselves? 61. Lifelogging
Take a Stroll Down a Virtual Memory Lane“How much more IOT can do is only left to your imagination and to your budget. You can do as little or as much with IoT as you want.” 62. Digital memories can do more than simply assist the recollection of past events, conversations and projects. 63. NarrativeClip 64. Beneﬁts of Lifelogging It will take quite some time for people to feel comfortable with ‘always connected’ devices that can discreetly take photos or videos. One question is if the beneﬁts outweigh the negatives. 65. Beneﬁts of Lifelogging – Precious Moments In ‘Total Recall’ (no relation to the movie) Gorden Bell (of Microsoft acclaim) found that by digitizing everything in his life he was able to reduce stress by a massive amount. Need a receipt of something you bought years ago? No problem, just do a quick search and it should pop right up.What he also found was that by taking photos of everything moment of his life he could go back to precious unexpected moments that you wouldn’t normally take photos of. 66. Beneﬁts of Lifelogging - Security A huge amount of crimes are being ﬁlmed these days by passer’s by with cell phones. No need for security cameras when everyone in a building has a smart phone with a camera. 67. These moments could include a photo of your wife on the day you both met or a last photo of your beloved dog. It could also help with memory. Search for someone’s name and you’ll have all the information (including photos) of that person pop up when you are about to talk with them. 68. How to automatically records your real life story, as told by the places you visited and the things you've done because some of us have a great story to tell. 69. Life Data AcquireAnalyze Store 70. The 150 Days of My Life 71. Saga automatically records your real life story, as told by the places you visited and the things you've done. We all have a great story to tell. Let Saga tell yours. 72. Top 10 Places That Have Banned Google Glass Because of these concerns, Google Glass has already received a number of pre-bans at certain places. 1. Banks/ATMs 2. Sports Arenas/Concert Venues 3. Locker Rooms/Dressing Rooms 4. Movie Theaters 5. Cars 6. Hospitals 7. Classrooms 8. Strip Clubs 9. Casinos 10. Bars “I think the really big issue here is that you might, individually, not worry about publishing details of your personal life. But you are publishing your friends, family and business contacts details at the same time. You are potentially compromising your family and friends!” Lifelogging: Is It An Invasion Of Privacy? 73. Lifelogging – Beyond Than Just Counting Steps How can you organize and browse all the video, audio, image and text data you amass? 74. Auto Tagging • Fast browsing through memories will be dependent on such annotation • To do this eﬃciently, we'll need machine learning algorithms that can automatically recognize and tag all forms of life-logged data.• Only then will we get the killer applications, 75. Logging Your Mind In the future, Gurrin (Dublin City University in Ireland) envisages that wearable headsets incorporating brainwave sensors will do memory ranking. "A spike due to excitement in a certain part of the brain could then be logged alongside the video to infer its importance level," he says How to automatically annotate ﬁles with descriptive, searchable tags and to easily browse them. 76. Thought Controlled Computing 77. Neurowear Necomimi [Video]
If you can capture emotions, you can tag it! 78. Neurowear “Neurocam” Concept [Video] 79. Thought Controlled Computing [Source: http://venturebeat.com/2013/11/04/next-step-for-wearables-neurosky-brings-its-smart-sensors-to-health-ﬁtness/ ] The ﬂagship product, MindWave, is a headset that can log into your computer using just your thoughts. Researchers recently used the EEG headset to develop a toy car that can be driven forward with thought.NeuroSky’s smart sensors can also track your heart rate and other bodily metrics and can be embedded in the next generation of wearable devices.“We make it possible for millions of consumers to capture and quantify critical health and wellness data,” Yang (CEO of Softbank) said. Softbank is the funder. 80. The Cat That Drank The Milk Internet of Things – The Circle Story 81. Internet of Things Only Tip of an Iceberg SUMMARY 82. Thank You The Only Limit Is Your Imagination - Unleash Your Creativity EMAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org TWITTER: mazlan_abbas FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1
- 1. Internet of Things (IOT)
- We Are At The Tip of An Iceberg -“How much more IOT can do is only left to your imagination and to your budget. You can do as little or as much with IoT as you want.” Dr. Mazlan Abbas MIMOS BerhadAugust 26, 2014 Wisma IEM, Petaling Jaya