IoT Standards: The Next Generation
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IoT Standards - Next Generation IoT Standards The Next Generation Jeff Fedders Chief Strategist- Intel Corporation Intel Representative Steering Committee Chairman of the Board Board of Directors Intel Representative P2413 Working Group Abstract While the Internet of Things is bringing a vast variety of market sectors usages together; it also is creating a battlefield and a race for sector leadership in the standards environment. In addition, the promise of IoT to connect the world has also created the need for universal identity and interoperability of Intelligent Things. In order to be successful, the next generation set of standards will require cohesiveness and composability across a number of market sectors for the connection of Intelligent Things to become reality. 2 The IoT Standards Environment 3 OIC < > UPnP < >Allseen < > IETF < > W3C < > 3GPP < > OMA < > oneM2M < > AIoTI < > IIC < > Ind 4.0 Consumer Industrial (OT) Enterprise (IT) Communications Governments IoT IEEE P2413 < > ETSI < > IoT China < > NIST < > ISO/IEC JTC1 < > Formal Standards in all 5 Sectors are creating End to End (E2E) IoT Architecture Frameworks to address the connection of Things. Standards Creation reflects business opportunities; this race is about IoT monetization creating the potential for market transformation. Standards harmonization will even become very difficult if not impossible. The end-customer is probably not a person but an entity, thing, or a system. A new type of marketplace will emerge creating these new businesses. A single IoT Standard is not achievable given the market dynamics and business opportunities. Consortia Vertical and Horizontal Approaches 4 Consumer Industrial Enterprise Communications Governments Identity & Privacy Interoperability Security Manageability Connectivity SW Defined Infrastructure Physical Systems Sensors & Actuators Edge Agg, Analytics & Cntrl Device Management Data Service Analytics Service Application & Integration Business Systems IPSO IIC OIC oneM2M AIoTI Industrie 4.0 China Social Organizations OIC UPnP/dlna UPnP/dlna NDN NDN Non-exhaustive, just a few examples. There are hundreds of consortia groups focusing on IoT. Formal Standards Vertical Approaches 5 Consumer Industrial Enterprise Communications Governments Identity & Privacy Interoperability Security Manageability Connectivity SW Defined Infrastructure Physical Systems Sensors & Actuators Edge Agg, Analytics & Cntrl Device Management Data Service Analytics Service Application & Integration Business Systems ITU-T – SG20 NIST-CPS ISO-IEC – JTC1-WG10 IEEE – P2413 3GPP 5G Non-exhaustive, just the leading IoT formal standards organizations. How do you distill and take the first steps…. I would like to speak about three fundamental topics today: Smart Objects Interoperability Testbeds 6 Smart Objects - Definition 7 Intelligent Things Smart Objects = Comprehensive Data Model Resource Model Data Schema Model Protocol Model Physical Model Services Model Immutable Identity Model Autonomous Model Smart Objects = Comprehensive Information Model Information = (Thing Data) + (Analytics) Smart Objects – Identity and Privacy 8 Who are you? What is your provenance? Can I trust who you say you are? Do you associate with a community or family? How do I verify who I am speaking to? I only want to tell you want you need… How do Smart Objects establish a Trust Model? Should Privacy be a part of the Smart Objects Model? What is Immutable Identity and is it really possible or is it really needed? Things become Intelligent and Autonomous. Connection to the Internet and Cloud is optional. Context Awareness is mandatory for establishing Trust. Things will have multiple Smart Object Personas. Is Identity a fundamental component of a Smart Object Marketplace? Smart Objects – Libraries, Repositories, and Registries 9 Inspector Librarian WORLDWIDE SDOs/SIGs Open Source Communities Smart Object Repositories Libraries Design Kits Source Code Communal Registries Multiple Registries will exists in many forms: Governments, Organizations, Standards, Vertical Solutions, ... Interoperability - Importance 10 IoT Systems: heterogeneous, large-scale, distributed systems with multi-vendor building-blocks We need Interoperability to build systems, create systems of systems, to keep cost low, to reduce risk, to spur innovation,… An aircraft jet engine is built with 25,000 parts A passenger car is built with 30,000 parts A win turbine is built with 8,000 parts There are more than 10,000 types of medical devices … all of which are from hundreds of suppliers…. Processes Assets Information People IoT Interoperability - Definition 11 IIRA Levels Requirements Aspects Human Language Model Integrability Compatible signals and protocols Communication “Compliance” Syntax – how words can be arranged Interoperability Common conceptual models Understanding “Conformance” Semantics – the meaning of individual words (in context) Composability Mutually shared expectation in behaviors Action “Comprehension” Pragmatics – the meaning of sentences and higher level structure (discourse) Composability Example: An intelligent thing understanding the difference between: “Chain Supply verses Supply Chain” How to achieve Interoperability? Consumer internet was based on having integrability compatible protocols, established through the RFCs IoT looks to Integrability compliance for communications and protocols Data Interoperability conformance in the short term Intelligence Composability in the longer term safety, security, resilience… Key Challenges: Shared or collaborative architectures and models concerted efforts New approaches to achieve composability to satisfy safety & other concerns Substantial Investment needed for interoperability testing 12 IoT Standards Environment Tenets Interoperability Security Identity / Access Scale Business Intelligence Reliability/Dependability Safety Proxy/Agent Privacy How do all these interoperability aspects play together? 13 Specification TestBeds Open Source Communities Challenges Integrability Interoperability Composability Testbeds – Technical and Business Challenges 14 IoT Standards Environment Tenets Interoperability Security Identity / Access Scale Business Intelligence Reliability/Dependability Safety Proxy/Agent Privacy IoT Test Beds Interoperability Business Opportunities Security Scale Identity/ Privacy Proxy/ Agent Safety Reliability/ Dependability Testbeds – Comprehensive Eco-system Creation 15 Open SDN Platform Open NVF Platform IoT Testbed Solutions Intelligent Sensor/Actuator Platform Intelligent Thing Platform Intelligent Gateway Platform Intelligent Edge Platform Open Cloud / DC Platform Identity & Privacy Interoperability Security Manageability Connectivity SW Defined Infrastructure Physical Systems Sensors & Actuators Edge Agg, Analytics & Cntrl Device Management Data Service Analytics Service Application & Integration Business Systems IoT Testbeds enable multiple players at many layers to plug-n-play and test business models…. Testbed as a Service (TaaS) – Paying for the large investment An Open Horizontal TestBed (OHTB) Program could bring a systematic management approach to the construction of the foundational recipes and ingredients of any IoT Reference Architecture Implementation Viewpoint, for a consistent build, construction guidelines, and ensure all Testbed tenets, for example, Interoperability, Scale, Security, and Business Opportunities are being assimilated. The mission of an OHTB sponsor would be to offer Testbed ingredients, recipes, and menus and operational capabilities to other vertical TestBeds and innovation centers or organizations for scalable monetization of Testbed investments and cross-cutting interoperability of IoT Service and Solution Delivery Systems. Support a scalable economical approach from a Proof of Concept (PoC) to Large Scale Deployments (LSD) programs. Create an environment that facilitates collaboration, acceleration, scale, and business models for all paying participants. 16 Creating Testbed as a Service (TaaS) Programs across consortia and many other organizations will enhance the ability to normalize the large investment necessary to build practical on-ramps for large scale deploys of complicated system of systems. Testbeds as a Service (TaaS) Examples underway and proposals being considered 17 IoT Hospitality TaaS IoT Forestry TaaS IIoT Industrial TaaS IIC Open Horizontal TestBed - TaaS Predictive Maintenance Edge Analytics …. Sponsored by HP and Intel Conclusion IoT Standards interoperability and composability are necessary for market adoption and horizontal solutions with a common understanding that Smart Objects are a key to enable an open marketplace and create platforms for innovation and jobs. Companies, Organizations, and Governments need to work and potentially nudge together to prevent grid-lock and enable passage. A potential Testbed as a Service below! 18 A few days ago, a drone captured this eye-popping video of the world’s worst traffic jam on the G4 Beijing-Hong Kong-Macau Expressway; 50 lanes converging to 20 lanes.