Loans & deposits as per new companies act 2013

Law

raghav-madhavan
of 39
Description
new companies act 2013
Text
  • 1.Loans & Deposits As per Companies Act 2013
  • 2. Acceptance and giving loans The Companies Act,1956 permitted private companies to borrow from Directors, Shareholders and Relatives of directors.
  • 3. Companies Act 2013 borrowing provisions for private companies removes the following from from the list of lenders Shareholders Relative of directors
  • 4. Going forward the private companies can borrow only from • directors apart from banks • and financial institutions provided the director gives a declaration that the amount that he is giving is not out of borrowed funds. Let us analyze the various provisions pertaining to loans given and accepted by the Companies as per Companies Act 2013
  • 5. 1)A private Company and an un-eligible public company cannot accept loans or deposits from any person other than its Directors. For accepting any loan from person other than Directors the company will have to comply with all the conditions mentioned including creation of reserve account, deposit insurance, credit rating, etc. 2)Share application money received but not allotted shall be treated as deposit. 3)Any money received as advance in the course of ordinary business shall be treated as deposit if goods or services are not provided within 365 days of receipt.
  • 6. 4)Private Companies and an un-eligible public company will have to file a return of deposits on 30th June if they have any deposit received from person other than director. 5)As of now if the private companies have any loan received from any person other than director then they have to file a statement with the Registrar within 3 months of the commencement of the Act i.e. 30th June 2014 in Form DPT-4.
  • 7. Deposits accepted by the company.
  • 8. Section73 It states that No company whether public or private can accept deposit from anybody without complying with the provisions mentioned in Section 73. Clause (viii) of Rule 2(c) specifically excludes loans from directors from the purview of deposit definition if the director gives a declaration that the amount he is lending is not out of borrowed funds. Clause (vi) of Rule 2(c) excludes loans received from any other company from the definition of Deposits.
  • 9. The Companies Acceptance of Deposit rules are not applicable to: 1) A Banking Company, 2) A Non Banking Finance Company registered with RBI, 3) A Housing Finance Company registered with National Housing Bank, 4) Any other Company which the Central Government may specify.
  • 10. To sum up even though companies are permitted to borrow from companies, directors and financial institutions they have to obtain the consent of the company prior to obtaining further loans if the aggregate of such loans exceed the aggregate of its paid up share capital and free reserves. Obtaining temporary loans are excluded from the purview of this section.
  • 11. Deposit : Deposit includes any receipt of money by way of deposit or loan or in any other form, by a Company. Following amount received shall not be considered Deposits under this Chapter Central Government /State Government/ local authority Foreign or international banks / multilateral financial institutions Banking Institution including co-operative banks notified under Banking Regulation Act. Public Financial Institution /Regional Financial Institutions / Insurance Companies / Scheduled Banks. commercial paper or any other instruments issued in accordance with the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India. any other Company. 1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 12. any securities including share application money a person who at the time of receipt was a director provided the director issue of bonds or debentures secured by first charge on any assets an employee of the company not exceeding his annual salary in the nature of non interest bearing security. a Non- interest bearing amount received or held in trust Any amount received in the course of or the purpose of the business for the following 7 8 9 10 11 12
  • 13. As advance for the supply of goods or provision of services As advance received in connection with consideration for property under an agreement or arrangement, As security deposit for the performance of the contract for supply of goods or provision of services. As advance received under long term projects for supply of capital goods. Any amount brought in by the promoters themselves or their relatives by way of unsecured loan in pursuance of a stipulation of any lending institution on the promoters Any amount accepted by a Nidhi Company in accordance with rules made u/s 406 of the Act. a b c d 13 14
  • 14. To sum up any company whether public or private can accept loan or deposit from directors (subject to obtaining a declaration) and any other company whether private or public (subject to the restrictions imposed by S.180(1)(c),of the Act) apart from banks and financial institutions. If any company is desirous of obtaining loan from any other person then they have to comply with the Deposit rules which include obtaining credit rating, issuing circular, creating deposit repayment reserve account, etc.
  • 15. Section 76 Eligible Company Eligible Company means:- • A public Company and it has either of the following • Net worth of not less than one hundred crore rupees or turnover of not less than five hundred crore rupees. • It has obtained the prior consent of the company in general meeting by means of a special resolution • It has filed the above resolution with the Registrar of Companies before making any invitation to the Public for accepting deposits. • Exception: An eligible company may accept deposits my means of an ordinary resolution if it is accepting deposits within the limit specified under clause (c) of sub section (1) of section 180.
  • 16. Conditions for acceptance of Deposit 1.No Company shall accept or renew deposit whether, secured or unsecured, which is repayable on demand or upon receiving a notice within a period of less than 6 months or more than 36 months from the date of acceptance or renewal of such deposit. Exception : A company may for the purpose of meeting its short term requirements of funds accept or renew deposits whose repayment is before six months provided they do not exceed 10% of the aggregate of the paid up share capital and free reserves of the company and they are not repayable before 3 months from the date of deposits. 2.Deposits may be accepted in Joint names not exceeding 3. 3.A non Eligible company Shall accept deposit only to the extent of 25% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves.
  • 17. 4) A Eligible companies 1) Deposit from members shall not exceed 10% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves. 2) Deposit from others shall not exceed 25% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves (excluding deposit from members) 5) A Government companies shall not accept deposit more than 35% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves. 6)Interest or Brokerage paid should not exceed the maximum rate of interest or brokerages prescribed by the RBI for acceptance of deposits by Non Banking Finance Companies. 7)The Company shall not reserve to itself whether directly or indirectly a right to alter, to the prejudice or disadvantage of the depositor, any of the terms and conditions of the deposit, deposit trust deed and deposit insurance contract.
  • 18. Guidelines for inviting deposits from members and public
  • 19. Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Resolution ordinary resolution special resolution Limit should not exceed 25% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves. should not exceed 10% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves and for others it should not exceed 25% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves. Interest / Brokerage Rate prescribed as per RBI Tenure of deposit less than 6 months or more than 36 months. Circular 1. post 2. in Form DPT-1 3. one English newspaper and one vernacular language 1.Form No. DPT-1 2.one English newspaper and one vernacular language 3.upload the circular on its website.
  • 20. Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Statement 1.Financial position 2.Credit rating 3.Number of depositors 4.Amount due Registration of Circular signed by majority of directors or their agents duly authorized along with the statement shall be submitted to registrar 30 days before the date of such issue. Validity of circular 6 months from the end of the financial year in which it was issued or the date on which the AGM is held whichever is earlier. Insurance Deposit insurance shall be taken 30 days prior to the date of issuance of the circular or renewal .Ceiling is Rs. 20000 per depositor for principal and interest Security charge on its assets referred to in Schedule III excluding intangible assets which shall not be less than the amount remaining unsecured by deposit insurance
  • 21. Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Form Form prescribed by the company shall be submitted by the intending depositor. Declaration The form shall contain a declaration that the deposit is not made out of borrowed funds. Deposit receipt A receipt shall be furnished within 2 weeks from the date of receipt of money or realization of cheque Deposit repayment reserve account On or before 30th April of each year a sum not less than 15% of the amount of deposits maturing in the current financial year and the next financial years shall be deposited in a scheduled bank in a separate account called deposit repayment reserve account which shall be free from charge or lien.
  • 22. Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Register A register of deposits shall be maintained at the registered office and entries shall be made within 7 days from the date of issuance of deposit receipt. Return of deposits A return shall be filed on or before 30th June of every year with the Registrar in Form No.DPT – 3 along with fee giving the status as on 31st March. Penal Rate of Interest A penal Rate of 18% p.a. shall be payable on all overdue deposits
  • 23. Transitory Provision Where in respect of any deposit accepted by a company before the commencement of this Act, the amount of such deposit or part thereof or any interest due thereon remains unpaid on such commencement or becomes due at any time thereafter, the company shall— 1) File with the Registrar a statement in form DPT-4 a statement of all deposits accepted by the company and sums remaining unpaid along with the interest payable thereon along with the arrangements made for such repayments. 2) Repay within one year from such commencement or from the date on which such payments are due whichever is earlier.
  • 24. LOANS
  • 25. Section180(1)(c) This sections corresponds to S. 293 of the Companies Act,1956 which was applicable only to public companies and private companies which are subsidiaries of public companies. The provision which is now applicable to private companies as well, states that if the amount to be borrowed by the company along with the amount already borrowed by the company exceeds the aggregate of its paid up share capital and free reserves then consent of the company by means of a special resolution shall be taken. The borrowings exclude temporary loans taken by the company i.e. loans repayable on demand or within 6 months from the date of such loan.
  • 26. 180. (1) The Board of Directors of a company shall exercise the following powers only with the consent of the company by a special resolution, namely:— (c) to borrow money, where the money to be borrowed, together with the money already borrowed by the company will exceed aggregate of its paid-up share capital and free reserves, apart from temporary loans obtained from the company’s bankers in the ordinary course of business: Provided that the acceptance by a banking company, in the ordinary course of its business, of deposits of money from the public, repayable on demand or otherwise, and withdrawable by cheque, draft, order or otherwise, shall not be deemed to be a borrowing of monies by the banking company within the meaning of this clause. Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “temporary loans” means loans repayable on demand or within six months from the date of the loan such as short- term, cash credit arrangements, the discounting of bills and the issue of other short-term loans of a seasonal character, but does not include loans raised for the purpose of financial expenditure of a capital nature; The relevant section 180(1)(c) states as follows:
  • 27. Section185 The section provides that no company shall directly or indirectly advance any loan to its director or to any other person in whom the director is interested or give any guarantee or provide security in connection with the loan taken by the director or any such other person.
  • 28. firm in which director or his relative is partner and private companies in which the director may be director or shareholder. any body corporate at a general meeting of which such director exercises control of at least 25% of its voting power either singly or with other director(s) The term “any other person in whom the director is interested” includes
  • 29. any body corporate the Board of Directors, managing director or manager of which is accustomed to act in accordance with the instructions or directions of the Board of Directors or director(s) of the lending company. Exemptions • loans to managing director in accordance with the terms of his appointment • loans to employees in accordance with the conditions of service applicable to all employees of the company or • where a scheme is framed and which scheme is approved by the members by way of special resolution.
  • 30. 185. (2) PENALTIES If any loan is advanced or a guarantee or security is given or provided in contravention of the provisions of sub-section (1), the company shall be punishable with fine which shall not be less than five lakh rupees but which may extend to twenty-five lakh rupees, and the director or the other person to whom any loan is advanced or guarantee or security is given or provided in connection with any loan taken by him or the other person, shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to six months or with fine which shall not be less than five lakh rupees but which may extend to twenty-five lakh rupees, or with both.
  • 31. To sum up advancement of loan to any individual or company or firm in whom the director of the lending company is related is strictly prohibited.
  • 32. Section186 No company shall directly or indirectly give any loan to any other person or body corporate exceeding 60% of its paid up share capital, free reserves and share premium or 100% of its free reserves and securities premium whichever is more. If the company proposes to advance any such loan exceeding its limits then prior approval by means of a special resolution passed at a general meeting shall be required. Prior approval of the public financial institution shall also be required if there is any default in repayment of instalment or interest on the term loan.
  • 33. 186 . (1) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in this Act, a company shall unless otherwise prescribed, make investment through not more than two layers of investment companies: Provided that the provisions of this sub-section shall not affect,— (i)a company from acquiring any other company incorporated in a country outside India if such other company has investment subsidiaries beyond two layers as per the laws of such country; (ii)a subsidiary company from having any investment subsidiary for the purposes of meeting the requirements under any law or under any rule or regulation framed under any law for the time being in force.
  • 34. 186(2) No company shall directly or indirectly — (a) give any loan to any person or other body corporate; (b) give any guarantee or provide security in connection with a loan to any other body corporate or person; and (c) acquire by way of subscription, purchase or otherwise, the securities of any other body corporate, exceeding sixty per cent of its paid-up share capital, free reserves and securities premium account or one hundred per cent of its free reserves and securities premium account, whichever is more.
  • 35. 186(3) Where the giving of any loan or guarantee or providing any security or the acquisition under sub-section (2) exceeds the limits specified in that sub-section, prior approval by means of a special resolution passed at a general meeting shall be necessary. 186(4) The company shall disclose to the members in the financial statement the full particulars of the loans given, investment made or guarantee given or security provided and the purpose for which the loan or guarantee or security is proposed to be utilised by the recipient of the loan or guarantee or security. 186(5) No investment shall be made or loan or guarantee or security given by the company unless the resolution sanctioning it is passed at a meeting of the Board with the consent of all the directors present at the meeting and the prior approval of the public financial institution concerned where any term loan is subsisting, is obtained:
  • 36. Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,— (a) the expression “investment company” means a company whose principal business is the acquisition of shares, debentures or other securities; (b) the expression “infrastructure facilities” means the facilities specified in Schedule VI.
  • 37. To sum up prior approval of the shareholders shall be obtained by the company if any loan is advances exceeding the given limits.
  • 38. Checklist for Lender Company • The borrower is in no way related to the director of the lender company. • The loan advanced is not in excess of the limits specified. If it is then prior approval of shareholders is obtained by means of a special resolution. Checklist for Borrower Company • The lender is the director, bank or any other approved financial institution. For any other lender deposit rules are followed prior to acceptance of such deposit. • Prior approval of shareholders is taken if the borrowings exceed the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves.
  • 39. RAGHAV 9962869008 raghav057@ymail.com
  • Comments
    Top