Report 2 small countries are economically viable

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  • 1. Small countries are economically viable November, 2011
  • 2. The number of states has experienced a great increase in the last 60 years Evolution of the number of statesx 2,6196741945 Source: “Trade, Growth and the Size of Countries”, Alberto Alesina, Enrico Spolaore, Romain Wacziarg20112
  • 3. The increase of the international trading is leading to the birth of new economically viable contries Evolution of the number of countries and the internationalisation rate of the econonomy 160 1400.7Internationasl trading VS GBD0.61200.5100 Number of states (Without Africa subsahariana)0.4 80Number of states 0.3Internationasl trading VS GBD (average of 61 countries)60 0.240200.100.019501960Source : “Trade, Growth and the Size of Countries”, Alberto Alesina, Enrico Spolaore, Romain Wacziarg1970198019903
  • 4. The Global Competitiveness Report, from the World Economic Forum rates the countries depending on its competitiveness. Twelve pillars of competitiveness Basic requirements    Efficency factors  Innovation factors Institutions Infrastructures Macroeconomic environment Health and Education Education and Master Efficiency of the market goods Labor market efficiency Development of the financial market Technological situation Size of the marketing Sophistication of the business InnovationSource: “The Global Competitiveness Report 2011–2012”, Professor Xavier Sala-i-Martin, Columbia University, Chief Advisor of the Centre for Global Competitiveness and Performance. World Economic Forum. Geneva, Switzerland 20114
  • 5. According to the mentioned report, 8 out of 20 Countries with greater competitiveness are European small counties Ranking of the Global Competitiveness Index 2011-2012 Switzerland Singapore Sweden Finland USA Germany Holland Danmark Japan UK Hong Kong Canada Taiwan Qatar Belgium Norway Saudi Arabia France Austria Australia5.74 5.63 5.61 5.47 5.43 5.41 5.41 5.405.40 5.395.36 5.335.26 5.24 5.20 5.18The ranking shows that small countries are at least as efficient as the big ones5.17 5.14 5.14 5.11Source : “The Global Competitiveness Report 2011–2012”, Professor Xavier Sala-i-Martin, Columbia University, Chief Advisor of the Centre for Global Competitiveness and Performance. World Economic Forum. Geneva, Switzerland 20115
  • 6. The IMD istitute publishes another Ranking where also 8 out of 20 states with great competitiviness are Small European States Ranking of the World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2011 Hong Kong USA Singapore Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Canada Qatar Australia Germany Luxemburg Denmark Norway Netherlands Finland Malaysia Israel Austria China UK Source: “The World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2011”, Lausanne‟s Institute for Management Development100.0 100.0 98.6 94.1 92.6 92.0 90.8 90.289.3 87.886.5 86.486.3 85.7 84.4 84.1 81.6 81.6 81.1 80.36
  • 7. In 2011, the IMD institute has released a new ranking with the states that are in a better position to overtake the crisis Denmark is the first one.Followed by small nations such: Big States have a worse position in that Ranking:      Qatar, Norway , Hong Kong, Switzerland i SwedenUSA: 28th position China: 18th position Brasil: 22nd position Germany: 24th position Japan: 26th position South Corea: 29th positionBig states from the Southern Europe drop dramatically in the ranking   France: 44th Italy: 47th Spain: 50thAccording Prof. Stephane Garelli, head of studies at the IMD:  Small economies are better prepared to thrive and survive during a crisis  ...and manage a more secure financial policySource: “The World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2011”, Lausanne‟s Institute for Management Development7
  • 8. Catalonia is geographically as big as the some of the most competitive European states European countries with similar dimensions of Catalonia (surface on Thousands of km2)Irland Lithuania Latvia Croatia Bosnia Eslovàquia Estonia Denmark Netherlands Switzerland Moldavia Catalonia Belgium Albania Macedònia Slovenia Montenegro CyprusSource: Wikipedia, 201170 65 65 57 5149 45 43 42 41 34 32 3129 26In terms of surface, Catalonia is similar to Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerlan d or Belgium20 14 98
  • 9. Catalonia has a similar population to the some of the most competitive European states Population of the European States (milions of inhabitants) Germany UK France Italy Spain (including Catalonia) Poland Romania Netherlands Greece Portugal Belgium Czech Republic Hungary Sweden Austria Bulgaria Switzerland Serbia Catalonia Denmark Slovakia Finland Norway Croatia Moldavia Irland Bosnia Lithuania Albania Latvia Macedonia Slovenia Estonia83.3 61.159.8 58.8 45.1 38.6 21.7 16.3 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.1 9.1 8.2 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.2 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.6 2.4Catalonia has a population similar to Sweden and Switzerland and greater than Denmark, Finland and Norway.2.1 1.91.4Note: Including countries with a population greater than 1 Milion people Source: Wikipedia, 20119
  • 10. The smallest European countries have experienced a greater growth compared with the big ones (1/2) Increase of the GBD per capita; Founders of the EU 1979 - 1991The 3 smallest countries founders of the EUThe 3 bigest countries founders of the EUSource: Adam Price (Harvard University)1992 - 19982.0 %1.7 %1999 - 20072.3 %1.3 %2.6 %1.6 %10
  • 11. The smallest European countries have experienced a greater growth compared with the big ones (2/2) European Countries. Growth of the GBD5% The small states have experienced a greater grow between 2002-2007States with population between 4,6 and 10,5 million people4%3%2%States with a population greater than 38 milion people1%0% 2001Source: Eurostat20022003200420052006200711
  • 12. EU members recently independent had grown more than twice that the medium value of EU Growth of the GBD Creixement del PIB 9% 8% 7%European Countries recently independent6%(Czech, Slovakia, Croatia, Latvia, S lovenia, Estonia)5% 4% 3%European Union Average2% 1% 0% 2000Source: Eurostat20012002200320042005200612
  • 13. The smallest countries of the European Union are the ones with greater growth; They are overtaking the crises with a better shape Growth of the European GBD VS Population. 2nd quarter of 2011 4.0% LithuaniaThe smallest countries have experienced a growth greter than the 0,7%3.0% Growth of the GBD during 2nd quarter 2011Latvia2.0% Estonia Irland1.0%The biggest countries have experienced a growth below teh 0,3%Finland Austria Sweden BelgiumUK SpainSlovakiaItalyFrance0.0% 0204060Germany80Population (milions of inhabitants)Source: El Punt-Avui, 19/09/1113
  • 14. Summary„SMALL‟beingWill continue being a plus regarding the wealth for the Nations continuarà essent un plus en matèria de riquesa per a les NacionsJim Mather, ex Minister for Enterprise, Energy and Tourism and until the 2011 election, Member of the Scottish Parliament. Barcelona 21Setembre2011 14
  • 15. Només amb un Estat propi Catalunya serà econòmicament viableEmpresaris per l’Estat propiwww.ccncat.catinfo@ccncat.cat
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    • 1. Small countries are economically viable November, 2011
  • 2. The number of states has experienced a great increase in the last 60 years Evolution of the number of statesx 2,6196741945 Source: “Trade, Growth and the Size of Countries”, Alberto Alesina, Enrico Spolaore, Romain Wacziarg20112
  • 3. The increase of the international trading is leading to the birth of new economically viable contries Evolution of the number of countries and the internationalisation rate of the econonomy 160 1400.7Internationasl trading VS GBD0.61200.5100 Number of states (Without Africa subsahariana)0.4 80Number of states 0.3Internationasl trading VS GBD (average of 61 countries)60 0.240200.100.019501960Source : “Trade, Growth and the Size of Countries”, Alberto Alesina, Enrico Spolaore, Romain Wacziarg1970198019903
  • 4. The Global Competitiveness Report, from the World Economic Forum rates the countries depending on its competitiveness. Twelve pillars of competitiveness Basic requirements    Efficency factors  Innovation factors Institutions Infrastructures Macroeconomic environment Health and Education Education and Master Efficiency of the market goods Labor market efficiency Development of the financial market Technological situation Size of the marketing Sophistication of the business InnovationSource: “The Global Competitiveness Report 2011–2012”, Professor Xavier Sala-i-Martin, Columbia University, Chief Advisor of the Centre for Global Competitiveness and Performance. World Economic Forum. Geneva, Switzerland 20114
  • 5. According to the mentioned report, 8 out of 20 Countries with greater competitiveness are European small counties Ranking of the Global Competitiveness Index 2011-2012 Switzerland Singapore Sweden Finland USA Germany Holland Danmark Japan UK Hong Kong Canada Taiwan Qatar Belgium Norway Saudi Arabia France Austria Australia5.74 5.63 5.61 5.47 5.43 5.41 5.41 5.405.40 5.395.36 5.335.26 5.24 5.20 5.18The ranking shows that small countries are at least as efficient as the big ones5.17 5.14 5.14 5.11Source : “The Global Competitiveness Report 2011–2012”, Professor Xavier Sala-i-Martin, Columbia University, Chief Advisor of the Centre for Global Competitiveness and Performance. World Economic Forum. Geneva, Switzerland 20115
  • 6. The IMD istitute publishes another Ranking where also 8 out of 20 states with great competitiviness are Small European States Ranking of the World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2011 Hong Kong USA Singapore Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Canada Qatar Australia Germany Luxemburg Denmark Norway Netherlands Finland Malaysia Israel Austria China UK Source: “The World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2011”, Lausanne‟s Institute for Management Development100.0 100.0 98.6 94.1 92.6 92.0 90.8 90.289.3 87.886.5 86.486.3 85.7 84.4 84.1 81.6 81.6 81.1 80.36
  • 7. In 2011, the IMD institute has released a new ranking with the states that are in a better position to overtake the crisis Denmark is the first one.Followed by small nations such: Big States have a worse position in that Ranking:      Qatar, Norway , Hong Kong, Switzerland i SwedenUSA: 28th position China: 18th position Brasil: 22nd position Germany: 24th position Japan: 26th position South Corea: 29th positionBig states from the Southern Europe drop dramatically in the ranking   France: 44th Italy: 47th Spain: 50thAccording Prof. Stephane Garelli, head of studies at the IMD:  Small economies are better prepared to thrive and survive during a crisis  ...and manage a more secure financial policySource: “The World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2011”, Lausanne‟s Institute for Management Development7
  • 8. Catalonia is geographically as big as the some of the most competitive European states European countries with similar dimensions of Catalonia (surface on Thousands of km2)Irland Lithuania Latvia Croatia Bosnia Eslovàquia Estonia Denmark Netherlands Switzerland Moldavia Catalonia Belgium Albania Macedònia Slovenia Montenegro CyprusSource: Wikipedia, 201170 65 65 57 5149 45 43 42 41 34 32 3129 26In terms of surface, Catalonia is similar to Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerlan d or Belgium20 14 98
  • 9. Catalonia has a similar population to the some of the most competitive European states Population of the European States (milions of inhabitants) Germany UK France Italy Spain (including Catalonia) Poland Romania Netherlands Greece Portugal Belgium Czech Republic Hungary Sweden Austria Bulgaria Switzerland Serbia Catalonia Denmark Slovakia Finland Norway Croatia Moldavia Irland Bosnia Lithuania Albania Latvia Macedonia Slovenia Estonia83.3 61.159.8 58.8 45.1 38.6 21.7 16.3 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.1 9.1 8.2 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.2 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.6 2.4Catalonia has a population similar to Sweden and Switzerland and greater than Denmark, Finland and Norway.2.1 1.91.4Note: Including countries with a population greater than 1 Milion people Source: Wikipedia, 20119
  • 10. The smallest European countries have experienced a greater growth compared with the big ones (1/2) Increase of the GBD per capita; Founders of the EU 1979 - 1991The 3 smallest countries founders of the EUThe 3 bigest countries founders of the EUSource: Adam Price (Harvard University)1992 - 19982.0 %1.7 %1999 - 20072.3 %1.3 %2.6 %1.6 %10
  • 11. The smallest European countries have experienced a greater growth compared with the big ones (2/2) European Countries. Growth of the GBD5% The small states have experienced a greater grow between 2002-2007States with population between 4,6 and 10,5 million people4%3%2%States with a population greater than 38 milion people1%0% 2001Source: Eurostat20022003200420052006200711
  • 12. EU members recently independent had grown more than twice that the medium value of EU Growth of the GBD Creixement del PIB 9% 8% 7%European Countries recently independent6%(Czech, Slovakia, Croatia, Latvia, S lovenia, Estonia)5% 4% 3%European Union Average2% 1% 0% 2000Source: Eurostat20012002200320042005200612
  • 13. The smallest countries of the European Union are the ones with greater growth; They are overtaking the crises with a better shape Growth of the European GBD VS Population. 2nd quarter of 2011 4.0% LithuaniaThe smallest countries have experienced a growth greter than the 0,7%3.0% Growth of the GBD during 2nd quarter 2011Latvia2.0% Estonia Irland1.0%The biggest countries have experienced a growth below teh 0,3%Finland Austria Sweden BelgiumUK SpainSlovakiaItalyFrance0.0% 0204060Germany80Population (milions of inhabitants)Source: El Punt-Avui, 19/09/1113
  • 14. Summary„SMALL‟beingWill continue being a plus regarding the wealth for the Nations continuarà essent un plus en matèria de riquesa per a les NacionsJim Mather, ex Minister for Enterprise, Energy and Tourism and until the 2011 election, Member of the Scottish Parliament. Barcelona 21Setembre2011 14
  • 15. Només amb un Estat propi Catalunya serà econòmicament viableEmpresaris per l’Estat propiwww.ccncat.catinfo@ccncat.cat
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