Impairments and Disability: Points for Discussion

Education

paul-edward-muego
  • 1. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points Paul Edward Muego Philippine Coordinating Center for Inclusive Development, Inc. Presented to the 2nd year class of social work students at the Philippine Christian University last March 17, 2012 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 1
  • 2. better communities for everyone • Our office started in 2004 as the cbm Community-Based Rehabilitation Coordination Office with the aim “to promote CBR as the main strategy for the delivery of educational, rehabilitation and medical services, together with work aimed at promoting greater inclusion and participation.” • July 30, 2013, eighteen people from diverse fields and backgrounds were invited to be the founding incorporators of a “new” organization to take the place of the cbm CBR CO. • The Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission formally recognized the new organization in November 22, 2013: the Philippine Coordinating Center for Inclusive Development, Inc. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 2
  • 3. - Helen Keller “The few own the many because they possess the means of livelihood of all ... The country is governed for the richest, for the corporations, the bankers, the land speculators, and for the exploiters of labor. The majority of mankind are working people. So long as their fair demands - the ownership and control of their livelihoods - are set at naught, we can have neither men's rights nor women's rights. The majority of mankind is ground down by industrial oppression in order that the small remnant may live in ease.” Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 3
  • 4. Who? Where? What?!#% • “In Brgy. 462, a group of W, M, C, Y, UP, FFs, OPs, Ls and PWDs were having a meeting.” • Does this make sense? Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 4
  • 5. PWD? Pilay na Walang Dangal?! • “PWD” can mean a variety of things! • Use person with disability not PWD • Language reflects and shapes the way we view the world. • Words we use influence community attitudes, both positively and negatively, and impact on the lives of others. Source: http://www.pwd.org.au/students/terminology.html Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 5
  • 6. Why do we behave like this? • Culture of:  “intolerance to differences”  “exclusion”  “quick fix”  “shortcuts” Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 6
  • 7. As such… • Other people decide things for persons with disabilities without their participation Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 7
  • 8. Exploring the UNCRPD & Philippine CBR Manual: An Inclusive Development Strategy KEY CONCEPTS Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 8
  • 9. Key Concepts: Impairments • Impairments— of functions of:  Physical  Mental  Intellectual  Sensory Long term Source: UN CRPD, 2006 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 9
  • 10. Some Causes of Impairments • Extreme poverty as manifested in situations like:  Malnutrition  Overcrowding  Lack of access to information, safe water, health and social services Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 10
  • 11. Some Causes of Impairments • Goitre, ear infection, cataract • Diabetes & cardio vascular diseases • Unsafe environments • Natural disasters • Armed conflict Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 11
  • 12. Key Concepts: Disability • Disability—  Result of interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal/ environmental barriers  Hinders full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others. Source: UN CRPD, 2006 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 12
  • 13. Thus… • Disability is not due to functional impairments, but rather due to societal factors— attitudinal, institutional, and environmental barriers Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 13
  • 14. Key Concepts: CBR Principles (UNCRPD General Principles) • • • • • • Inclusion Participation Self-Advocacy Sustainability Equal Opportunity Accessibility Source: Philippine CBR Manual, 2009 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 14
  • 15. Quick Glance at Statistics DEMOGRAPHIC DATA Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 15
  • 16. Global Population Estimate • WHO: persons with disabilities make up an estimated 10% of the world’s population, 80% of which reside in developing countries. Source: http://www.e-include.eu/ Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 16
  • 17. Local population of persons with disability • 2000 National Population Census:  942,000  1.23% of total population • 2011 National Household Targeting System:  302,421 Source: www.ncda.gov.ph Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 17
  • 18. Geographic information • 70% of people with disability live in rural areas (& poor communities) • 4.5 million Filipinos with disability are not receiving the essential services they need Source: Asian Development Bank, 2005/NCDA, 2005 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 18
  • 19. Related statistics • 2008:Out of 2.7 million Filipino children with disability of school age, only 78,144 are allowed to attend school. Source: Department of Education Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 19
  • 20. Related statistics • 2005: Of the total population of persons with disabilities, 57.12% are employed; 62.95% were males & 37.05% were females. Source: NSO 2005 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 20
  • 21. Those who have less… have laws, (only)?! LEGISLATIONS, ISSUANCES Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 21
  • 22. International Commitments • United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities  Signed: 9-25-2007  Ratified: 4-15-2008 • UDHR, UN CRC, MDGs, etc. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 22
  • 23. Local Laws, Issuances • RA No. 7277 (Magna Carta for Disabled Persons) • RA No. 9442 • BP Blg. 344 • Joint Circular No. 2003-01 (DBM, DSWD) • EO 437 (CBR) Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 23
  • 24. Laws & community realities • The gap between what the laws say and what reality actually is… well, that is another thing... Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 24
  • 25. Using the CBR Matrix to examine EXISTING PROGRAMS & SERVICES Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 25
  • 26. Like everybody else… • People with disabilities have different needs and different situations • They too need access to food, healthcare, education, livelihood, and even marriage & relationships… like everybody else Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 26
  • 27. The CBR Matrix GOAL: HUMAN RIGHTS—INCLUSIVE SOCIETY PROMOTION EARLY CHILDHOOD SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PRIMARY SELF EMPLOYMENT PREVENTION MEDICAL CARE REHABILITATION ASSISTIVE DEVICES SECONDARY & HIGHER FINANCIAL SERVICES RELATIONSHIIP, MARRIAGE, & FAMILY PERSONAL ASSISTANCE COMMUNIICATION SOCIAL MOBILIZATION CULTURE/ARTS POLITICAL PARTICIPATION LEISURE/ SPORTS SELF HELP GROUP JUSTICE DPOs NON-FORMAL EMPLOYMENT LIFELONG LEARNING HEALTH EDUCATION SOCIAL PROTECTION LIVELIHOOD SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT GUIDING PRINCIPLES: PARTICIPATION, INCLUSION, SUSTAINABILITY, EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, ACCESSIBILITY, SELF ADVOCACY Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 27
  • 28. CBR Components EDUCATION SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT LIVELIHOOD HEALTH Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 28
  • 29. TIDES OF TRANSFORMATION IMPLICATIONS OF CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 29
  • 30. Challenges • Poverty in rural and urban areas • Corruption, misuse of government funds • Environmental-related disasters, and • Armed conflict, among others  are expected to increase the number of persons with impairments Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 30
  • 31. Facing the challenges • Based on the principles of SELF ADVOCACY and PARTICIPATION persons with disabilities, through their Disabled Peoples’ Organizations, are at the heart of CBR. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 31
  • 32. Organizing & Strengthening DPOs • DPOs, organized based on their collective goal to live life to the full, are:  Working with local government, support institutions, and other organizations  Ensuring that their needs and rights, and that of the whole community, are met, ensured and protected. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 32
  • 33. Challenge for social workers • Be true to facilitative role • Helping persons with disabilities must be done in the community development way: Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points • Defining development together with the people, most especially the excluded; • Starting from where they are and building on what they have; and • Helping them in their continuing capability building, empowerment and self reliance. March 17, 2012 33
  • 34. Some Reference Materials: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities WHO CBR Guidelines Philippine CBR Manual WHO 2011 Report on Disability Universal Declaration of Human Rights RA No. 7277 (Magna Carta for Disabled Persons) and RA No. 9442 (ammendment) BP Blg. 344 (Accessibility Law) EO 437 (Encouraging LGUs to use CBR) Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points • Contact us: Philippine Coordinating Center for Inclusive Development, Inc. Unit 101 Erisha Condominium No. 1142 P. Ocampo Street corner Dian Street 1004 Malate, Manila Tel. No. (02) 522 4429 cbmcbrph@pldtdsl.net pccidinc@gmail.com www.pccid.org March 17, 2012 34
Please download to view
34
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Description
Discussion points for social work students highlighting difference between impairments and disability. Also touches on use of the full person with disability rather than the abbreviated PWD. Talks briefly about differences, exclusion, intolerance and quick fix. Points out key challenges for social workers in working with marginalized persons with disabilities, families, and communities. Presented to 2nd year social work students of the Philippine Christian University on March 17, 2012 in a forum entitled NapapanahongUsapin ng Lipunan…Alamin, Siyasatin at Sagutin.
Text
  • 1. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points Paul Edward Muego Philippine Coordinating Center for Inclusive Development, Inc. Presented to the 2nd year class of social work students at the Philippine Christian University last March 17, 2012 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 1
  • 2. better communities for everyone • Our office started in 2004 as the cbm Community-Based Rehabilitation Coordination Office with the aim “to promote CBR as the main strategy for the delivery of educational, rehabilitation and medical services, together with work aimed at promoting greater inclusion and participation.” • July 30, 2013, eighteen people from diverse fields and backgrounds were invited to be the founding incorporators of a “new” organization to take the place of the cbm CBR CO. • The Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission formally recognized the new organization in November 22, 2013: the Philippine Coordinating Center for Inclusive Development, Inc. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 2
  • 3. - Helen Keller “The few own the many because they possess the means of livelihood of all ... The country is governed for the richest, for the corporations, the bankers, the land speculators, and for the exploiters of labor. The majority of mankind are working people. So long as their fair demands - the ownership and control of their livelihoods - are set at naught, we can have neither men's rights nor women's rights. The majority of mankind is ground down by industrial oppression in order that the small remnant may live in ease.” Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 3
  • 4. Who? Where? What?!#% • “In Brgy. 462, a group of W, M, C, Y, UP, FFs, OPs, Ls and PWDs were having a meeting.” • Does this make sense? Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 4
  • 5. PWD? Pilay na Walang Dangal?! • “PWD” can mean a variety of things! • Use person with disability not PWD • Language reflects and shapes the way we view the world. • Words we use influence community attitudes, both positively and negatively, and impact on the lives of others. Source: http://www.pwd.org.au/students/terminology.html Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 5
  • 6. Why do we behave like this? • Culture of:  “intolerance to differences”  “exclusion”  “quick fix”  “shortcuts” Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 6
  • 7. As such… • Other people decide things for persons with disabilities without their participation Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 7
  • 8. Exploring the UNCRPD & Philippine CBR Manual: An Inclusive Development Strategy KEY CONCEPTS Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 8
  • 9. Key Concepts: Impairments • Impairments— of functions of:  Physical  Mental  Intellectual  Sensory Long term Source: UN CRPD, 2006 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 9
  • 10. Some Causes of Impairments • Extreme poverty as manifested in situations like:  Malnutrition  Overcrowding  Lack of access to information, safe water, health and social services Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 10
  • 11. Some Causes of Impairments • Goitre, ear infection, cataract • Diabetes & cardio vascular diseases • Unsafe environments • Natural disasters • Armed conflict Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 11
  • 12. Key Concepts: Disability • Disability—  Result of interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal/ environmental barriers  Hinders full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others. Source: UN CRPD, 2006 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 12
  • 13. Thus… • Disability is not due to functional impairments, but rather due to societal factors— attitudinal, institutional, and environmental barriers Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 13
  • 14. Key Concepts: CBR Principles (UNCRPD General Principles) • • • • • • Inclusion Participation Self-Advocacy Sustainability Equal Opportunity Accessibility Source: Philippine CBR Manual, 2009 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 14
  • 15. Quick Glance at Statistics DEMOGRAPHIC DATA Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 15
  • 16. Global Population Estimate • WHO: persons with disabilities make up an estimated 10% of the world’s population, 80% of which reside in developing countries. Source: http://www.e-include.eu/ Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 16
  • 17. Local population of persons with disability • 2000 National Population Census:  942,000  1.23% of total population • 2011 National Household Targeting System:  302,421 Source: www.ncda.gov.ph Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 17
  • 18. Geographic information • 70% of people with disability live in rural areas (& poor communities) • 4.5 million Filipinos with disability are not receiving the essential services they need Source: Asian Development Bank, 2005/NCDA, 2005 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 18
  • 19. Related statistics • 2008:Out of 2.7 million Filipino children with disability of school age, only 78,144 are allowed to attend school. Source: Department of Education Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 19
  • 20. Related statistics • 2005: Of the total population of persons with disabilities, 57.12% are employed; 62.95% were males & 37.05% were females. Source: NSO 2005 Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 20
  • 21. Those who have less… have laws, (only)?! LEGISLATIONS, ISSUANCES Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 21
  • 22. International Commitments • United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities  Signed: 9-25-2007  Ratified: 4-15-2008 • UDHR, UN CRC, MDGs, etc. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 22
  • 23. Local Laws, Issuances • RA No. 7277 (Magna Carta for Disabled Persons) • RA No. 9442 • BP Blg. 344 • Joint Circular No. 2003-01 (DBM, DSWD) • EO 437 (CBR) Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 23
  • 24. Laws & community realities • The gap between what the laws say and what reality actually is… well, that is another thing... Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 24
  • 25. Using the CBR Matrix to examine EXISTING PROGRAMS & SERVICES Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 25
  • 26. Like everybody else… • People with disabilities have different needs and different situations • They too need access to food, healthcare, education, livelihood, and even marriage & relationships… like everybody else Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 26
  • 27. The CBR Matrix GOAL: HUMAN RIGHTS—INCLUSIVE SOCIETY PROMOTION EARLY CHILDHOOD SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PRIMARY SELF EMPLOYMENT PREVENTION MEDICAL CARE REHABILITATION ASSISTIVE DEVICES SECONDARY & HIGHER FINANCIAL SERVICES RELATIONSHIIP, MARRIAGE, & FAMILY PERSONAL ASSISTANCE COMMUNIICATION SOCIAL MOBILIZATION CULTURE/ARTS POLITICAL PARTICIPATION LEISURE/ SPORTS SELF HELP GROUP JUSTICE DPOs NON-FORMAL EMPLOYMENT LIFELONG LEARNING HEALTH EDUCATION SOCIAL PROTECTION LIVELIHOOD SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT GUIDING PRINCIPLES: PARTICIPATION, INCLUSION, SUSTAINABILITY, EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, ACCESSIBILITY, SELF ADVOCACY Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 27
  • 28. CBR Components EDUCATION SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT LIVELIHOOD HEALTH Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 28
  • 29. TIDES OF TRANSFORMATION IMPLICATIONS OF CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 29
  • 30. Challenges • Poverty in rural and urban areas • Corruption, misuse of government funds • Environmental-related disasters, and • Armed conflict, among others  are expected to increase the number of persons with impairments Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 30
  • 31. Facing the challenges • Based on the principles of SELF ADVOCACY and PARTICIPATION persons with disabilities, through their Disabled Peoples’ Organizations, are at the heart of CBR. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 31
  • 32. Organizing & Strengthening DPOs • DPOs, organized based on their collective goal to live life to the full, are:  Working with local government, support institutions, and other organizations  Ensuring that their needs and rights, and that of the whole community, are met, ensured and protected. Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points March 17, 2012 32
  • 33. Challenge for social workers • Be true to facilitative role • Helping persons with disabilities must be done in the community development way: Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points • Defining development together with the people, most especially the excluded; • Starting from where they are and building on what they have; and • Helping them in their continuing capability building, empowerment and self reliance. March 17, 2012 33
  • 34. Some Reference Materials: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities WHO CBR Guidelines Philippine CBR Manual WHO 2011 Report on Disability Universal Declaration of Human Rights RA No. 7277 (Magna Carta for Disabled Persons) and RA No. 9442 (ammendment) BP Blg. 344 (Accessibility Law) EO 437 (Encouraging LGUs to use CBR) Impairments and Disability: Discussion Points • Contact us: Philippine Coordinating Center for Inclusive Development, Inc. Unit 101 Erisha Condominium No. 1142 P. Ocampo Street corner Dian Street 1004 Malate, Manila Tel. No. (02) 522 4429 cbmcbrph@pldtdsl.net pccidinc@gmail.com www.pccid.org March 17, 2012 34
Comments
Top