PowerPoint Presentation Wooden boxes and crates as a packaging material. Presented by SYED AASIF MUJTABA 14pft012 Wooden boxes A wooden box is a container made of wood for storage or as a shipping container. Wooden Boxes have been used from several years for storage needs. Wooden Boxes as a storage means are a best way to give protection for the objects that are being stored as these boxes canât easily be damaged or broken Wooden boxes are often used for heavy duty packaging when high strength is needed for heavy and difficult loads long term warehousing may be needed. large size is required rigidity and stacking strength is critical Storage Benefits Of Wooden Boxes Wooden Boxes have a bunch of benefits as a storage material. Some storage benefits of Wooden Boxes are as follows. Wooden Boxes can be used for years as they are not easily breakable and can be used for longer times for storing different items. Wooden Boxes are used widely by shipping industries for safe delivery of imported and exported items.  Wooden Boxes are good to protect the thing kept inside as it donât allow water  to go inside, making the storage item safe inside the box. Wooden Boxes are essential to store essential oils, so as to protect them from losing essence The benefits of wooden packaging are Wood is a long-lasting natural product with great design variety, especially where shaping and choice of surface are concerned. Wood has individual character, subtly emphasizing your objects and underlining your quality awareness. Wood is a renewable, resource-friendly raw material that behaves completely CO2-neutrally in the value-added chain and can be easily disposed of. Wood is used at three stages of packaging Primary level Transportation of fruits and vegetables. Wooden boxes to hold bottles of jams , oils. Secondary level To hold wine bottles for retailing Tertiary level Main use as it is used to hold secondary packages CRATES A crate is a large shipping container, often made of wood, typically used to transport large, heavy or awkward items Wooden crates A wooden crate consists of rigid corners with planks nailed or stretched against those corners. Plank thickness varies normally between 3 and 8 mm Wooden crates are known to be one of the best materials for packaging. They are self-supporting structures that are the ideal choice for shipping various products, especially lightweight or breakable items. Wooden crates and cases are typically used to safely transport food items, fragile goods such as food jars and crockery. Advantages and disadvantages Commonly used are wire-bound crates for citrus/potatoes, wooden trays for tomatoes. The advantages of wooden crates are: The crates can be manufactured and repaired locally. Wood is relatively resistant to different weather conditions and (sea)water. Wooden crates are often used on more than one journey and have a higher efficiency for larger fruits, e.g. watermelons. Most crates have good ventilation. Disadvantages of wooden crates are: Untreated wood can easily become contaminated with fungi and bacteria. Treatment of wooden crates with paint or other chemicals may cause produce deterioration. The material may be too hard or rough for produce like soft fruits, and therefore liners of a soft material may be needed. Disposal of the crates after use. Manufacturing of wooden crates puts an extra claim on the natural forest resources Plastic crates In general, plastic crates are more expensive than wooden crates or carton boxes, but as a result of their longer life span the running costs are relatively low. The hard surfaces have no cushioning effect, but, on the other hand, a hard, smooth surface is easy to clean and gives good protection to the produce Plastic crates are usually made of high density polyethylene (HDPE) or polypropylene (PP). Polyethylene has a higher impact strength and a low degradation by ultra-violet radiation while polypropylene has a better scratch resistance. The performance of both materials can be improved by adding anti-oxidants and UV protectants (for sunlight protection). Advantages and disadvantages Advantages of plastic crates: As a strong, rigid crate these plastic crates can be used for many journeys, making the cost per journey relatively low . Different sizes and shapes are available to suit different customers needs. Colors can be used for marketing purposes. The containers are easy to clean and to disinfect. Plastic crates are strong and weather resistant and, because of their water resistance, the containers can be used in humid areas and during hydro-cooling. Disadvantages of plastic crates: The hard surfaces can damage the produce and it is advised to use liners. The high purchase cost combined with the risk of pilferage could make this type of crate a financial risk. These crates generally have to be imported. Because this crate can be used several times, the extra cost for the return trip should be included in the total running cost.