State of Robotics 2015

Engineering

hax
  • THE STATE OF ROBOTICS 2015
  • ROBOTICS Foreword This report shares our experiences in the space since the creation of the 'Robotics' track at HAX.
 The full “Hardware Trends 2016” report will be published next year. Comments are welcome! Thanks to HAX robotics founders and industry friends for their contributions, and to all robotics lovers out there who help make things happen. Benjamin Joffe (ben@hax.co) Cyril Ebersweiler (cyril@hax.co) Duncan Turner (duncan@hax.co) Email: makeit@hax.co Apply: www.hax.co Twitter: @hax_co Intro mailto:ben@hax.co mailto:cyril@hax.co mailto:duncan@hax.co mailto:makeit@hax.co http://www.hax.co http://www.twitter.com/hax_co
  • • What’s a robot today? • What happened in 2015? • What are the trends? • What barriers remain? • What’s coming next? ROBOTICS A few questionsIntro
  • Source: HAX State of Robotics, November 2015 ROBOTICS Intro The robots are coming! Drones Autonomous Vehicles Service Robotics RoboMing Tools + most major car makers (Toyota, Volkswagen, GM, Renault-Nissan, Hyundai-Kia, etc.) Robot Arms Cobots Robot Toys Lifestyle Robots Social Robots Robots are getting cheaper, smarter, more varied and reaching new industries. Others
  • ROBOTICS WHAT’S A ROBOT?
  • ROBOTICS HAX definition A device that adapts to its environment thanks to autonomous movement and autonomous decisions What’s a robot?
  • ROBOTICS Not a robot Sorry guys What’s a robot?
  • ROBOTICS Barely a robot? • Most don’t adapt and make decisions. • Yet, they are gradually entering the field of robotics thanks to computer vision and adaptive algorithms. Drones 3d printersRoombas Factory arms What’s a robot?
  • ROBOTICS Platforms Several hardware and software “platforms” help the development of robotics projects: ROS: Robot Operating System
 OpenCV: open source computer vision library Developer arms: various of projects Anatomy of a robot
  • ROBOTICS Actuators • Actuators convert energy mostly into rotational or linear motion. • “Motors” are actuators, as are pneumatics, hydraulics, solenoids or shape-memory alloys and polymers (SMA/SMPs). Source: www.robotshop.com Anatomy of a robot http://www.robotshop.com
  • ROBOTICS Pneumatic & HydraulicDC linear actuator Stepper motorGeared DC motor Linear SMA “Classic” DC motor Solenoid Industrial servo Anatomy of a robot Actuators
  • ROBOTICS • How many senses can a robot have?
 Surely more than five! • A flurry of sensors have been made smaller, cheaper and better thanks notably to sales
 of smartphones and gaming consoles. • Sound: infra, audible, ultrasound • Light: IR, visible, UV, in particular for RGBD/LIDAR used for SLAM (simultaneous localization & mapping) • Touch: piezo/pressure • Smell: chemical • Other: accelerometer, gyroscope, GPS, barometer, temperature, fingerprint, and many more! SensorsAnatomy of a robot
  • Multi-touch touchscreen display, triple microphone configuration, M8 motion coprocessor, 3-axis gyroscope, accelerometer, digital compass, iBeacon, proximity sensor, ambient light Touch ID fingerprint reader, barometer ROBOTICS Robots can thank Apple, Microsoft and Nintendo SensorsAnatomy of a robot
  • ROBOTICS Microcontrollers & Microprocessors • Microcontrollers and microprocessor are the onboard control, the “brain”. • They very in cost, size, power, community/ support, availability and complexity… • The options range from a chip to a development board or a full-blown computer. Source: www.robotshop.com Anatomy of a robot http://www.robotshop.com
  • ROBOTICS The brains Various ways to control Anatomy of a robot
  • ROBOTICS 2015 IN REVIEW
  • ROBOTICS Overall Trends • Faster, better, cheaper components • More startups, more funding • Robot-as-a-Service growing 2015 in Review
  • • More investments (sample) ROBOTICS More funding for robots • Funding for drones 2015 in Review
  • ROBOTICS Large players in the space2015 in Review
  • ROBOTICS ROBOTS
  • ROBOTICS Drones
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Major investments in 2015. • Most are still glorified RC copters. • Effort is put on software for navigation, obstacle avoidance and some vertical applications like surveying & delivery. “Drones are still pretty dumb. The biggest obstacle right now is… the ability to avoid obstacles.” Chris Anderson, CEO, 3DR Drones
  • ROBOTICS Commoditization of hardware, some as cheap as $10 Drones for funDrones
  • ROBOTICS France’s Parrot released a series of mini-drones including an hydrofoil Drones for funDrones
  • ROBOTICS China’s DJI raised $105M and launched a $10M drone fund Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Drones for imagery 3DR raised $99M Drones
  • ROBOTICS China’s Yuneec raised $60M Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS China’s eHang raised $52M Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS France’s Parrot raised $35M Market cap is $290M (Dec 1, 2015) Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS China’s XAircraft raised $20M Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Amazon unveiled its new Air Prime delivery drone Drones for deliveryDrones
  • ROBOTICS SF Express said to deliver 500 packages per day in Southern China Drones for deliveryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Alibaba tests drone delivery for its Taobao service Drones for deliveryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Long flight drone The Tailwing drone by Skyfront promises 4 hours of flight time with its hybrid-electric technology Drones
  • ROBOTICS Drones for inspection Collision-happy drone by Flyability Drones
  • • GoPro announced its own camera drone for 2016. • A flurry of other drone companies received angel, seed financing,
 and/or crowdfunded. • Many startups are yet to ship their first product. ROBOTICS Other dronesDrones
  • • Key players in the drone space have formed the Small UAV Coalition to inform policy makers and promote safety. • Members include Amazon, DJI, 3DR, Google, GoPro, Parrot and more ROBOTICS Drone IndustryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Drones for sports First-person view drone racing might become a thing Drones
  • ROBOTICS Autonomous Vehicles
  • ROBOTICS • Autonomous vehicles are now a mainstream topic. • On the road with Tesla autopilot. Google, Uber and car makers are also on the job. • Regulations making progress. Vehicles Trends
  • USA ROBOTICS Tesla released its autopilot feature Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Google’s cars have driven 1.2M miles on the road, and 3M miles / day running scenarios Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Komatsu autonomous trucks in Australia at a mine operated by Rio Tinto Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Autonomous bus being tested in China Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Driverless tractors are getting started Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Robot car racing “In the future, all vehicles will be assisted by AI and powered by electricity, improving the environment and road safety.” Denis Sverdlov Founder of Kinetik & ROBORACE Races with autonomous cars will take place before Formula E on the same circuits Vehicles
  • ROBOTICS Service Robots
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Entering more industries • Robot-as-a-Service model • More companies & funding “Autonomous ground service robots today have the same kind of momentum that drones enjoyed 2-3 years back.” M.A. Shah, Co-founder, Simbe Robotics Service robots
  • Amazon bought Kiva for $775M. Over 15,000 robots are deployedROBOTICS WarehouseService robots
  • India’s GreyOrange raised $30MROBOTICS WarehouseService robots
  • ROBOTICS “Fetch” and “Freight” robots by Fetch Robotics pick and move things in warehouses WarehouseService robots
  • ROBOTICS inVia robots reach new heights WarehouseService robots
  • ROBOTICS Locus Robotics deployed 10 robots at Quiet Logistics Service robots Warehouse
  • ROBOTICS Savioke already has 30 “Relay” offering room service HospitalityService robots
  • ROBOTICS Robot waiters do their best to follow lines at this restaurant HospitalityService robots
  • ROBOTICS Hospitality This dinosaur robot works as a receptionist at Japan’s Hen Na Hotel Service robots
  • ROBOTICS Knightscope robots patrol premises SurveillanceService robots
  • Surveillance ROBOTICS Autonomous watchtowers by Insight Robotics detect fires using the heat signatures of forests Service robots
  • ROBOTICS OSHrobot by Fellow Robots is a sales assistant at a Lowe’s Hardware store RetailService robots
  • ROBOTICS “Tally” by Simbe Robotics counts Doritos and more RetailService robots
  • ROBOTICS Remote-controlled demolition robot by Husqvarna ConstructionService robots
  • ROBOTICS Commercial cleaning robot by Avidbots Industrial CleaningService robots
  • ROBOTICS Dispatch and Starship are two startups aiming for last-mile deliveries DeliveryService robots
  • ROBOTICS Bumber painting robot by Rational Robotics AutoshopService robots
  • ROBOTICS The sub-$1,000 robot by Roboming competes with market leader Double Robotics TelepresenceService robots
  • ROBOTICS Lifestyle Robots
  • ROBOTICS • Robots in the house! • Most are still very simple in terms of decision and movement autonomy, but they are improving and coming down in price. Life- style Trends
  • ROBOTICS iRobot sold over 14M Roomba worldwide Many others entered the market iRobot has a $1B market cap Life- style
  • ROBOTICS Dyson’t 360 Eye has more sensors to clean your floor Life- style
  • ROBOTICS John Deere, Husqvarna, Bosch, Robomow and many others sell autonomous lawnmowers Life- style
  • ROBOTICS WINBOT robots by Ecovacs clean your windows Life- style
  • ROBOTICS The AquaTrek robot by Moai cleans your aquarium and streams its content Life- style
  • ROBOTICS The first robotic kitchen developed by Moley Robotics in collaboration with Shadow Robot Company & others mimics BBC Master Chef Tim Anderson’s moves Life- style
  • ROBOTICS Following suitcase by Nua Robotics Life- style
  • ROBOTICS Life- style Robot wannabes • Some recent devices are abusively called “robots”. • They perform interesting tasks, and might evolve toward true robotics. Bartesian: Cocktails Brewie: BeerMomentum Machines: Burgers Teforia: Tea Auroma: Coffee
  • ROBOTICS Robot toys
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Lines between toys, tools and education are not always clear. • Edubots = gateway to personalized learning & getting children into coding? “Right now, robotics technologies cannot make robots serve people well, but they can make people play well.” Jasen Wang, Founder, Makeblock Toys
  • ROBOTICS Sphero raised $92M for its ball-shaped robots Toys
  • ROBOTICS Anki raised $105M for its AI-powered toys Toys
  • ROBOTICS Makeblock raised $6M for its robotics kit Toys
  • ROBOTICS Robi sold over $100m kits via a $20 weekly magazine Toys
  • Education ROBOTICS Robo Wunderkind is an educational robot for kids Toys
  • ROBOTICS The CellRobot by Keyi Technologies is the first “affordable” modular robot Toys Modular
  • ROBOTICS Mecamons by Reach Robotics are AR-powered battle robots Toys
  • ROBOTICS iPal by AvatarMind wants to play with and teach your kid Toys
  • ROBOTICS Petronics makes autonomous robots for cats Toys for Pets
  • ROBOTICS Social Robots
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Several investors and corporates fund social robot projects heavily. • Will 2016 be the year they break into the market? Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Softbank acquired France’s Aldebaran Robotics and established a $589 robotics JV with Alibaba and Foxconn in 2015 Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Jibo raised $38.6M Social robots
  • ROBOTICS France’s Keecker raised $1.15M Social robots
  • ROBOTICS France’s Buddy by Blue Frog Robotics Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Mabu by Catalia Health helps with your meds and reports to your doctor Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Robots by Hanson Robotics mimic human expressions Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Robot Tools
  • ROBOTICS • Semi/fully-automated tools. Not exactly “autonomous” but soon-to-be robots. • Desktop-sized and affordable Tools Trends
  • ROBOTICS Consumer 3D printers range from $100~$5,000 Tools
  • ROBOTICS Circuit board printer Tools
  • ROBOTICS Othermill desktop CNC by Other Machine Co Tools
  • ROBOTICS The OpenTrons lab robot automates liquid handling Tools
  • ROBOTICS Computer-assisted power tool by Shaper Tools Tools
  • ROBOTICS Robotic arms
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Yaskawa, ABB, Fanuc & Kuka are world leaders. Chinese are growing. • Hobby arms are commoditizing. • Next step is a low-cost pro arm. “The holy grail of robotics is an industrial-grade sub-$5,000 arm” Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Kuka makes popular industrial arms Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Several hobby arms are below $2000 Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS 7Bot - $350 Makearm - $1,399 uArm - $279 Low-cost arms Dobot - $499 Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Carbon Robotics is working on a low-cost industry-grade arm Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS A robot arm by ABB Robotics put to work as a bartender Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Collaborative Robots (Cobots) physically interact with humans in a shared workspace. • Cobots can be autonomous, help humans, or require help. • The next step is to make them operable and even trainable by non-experts. Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Baxter by Rethink Robotics handles low volume, high mix production jobs Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Denmark’s Universal Robots love working with humans Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Nextage cobots by Kawada Industries join for morning calisthenics Cobots
  • ROBOTICS ABB’s two-armed cobot socializes at high level Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Other Robots
  • ROBOTICS Google acquired Boston Dynamics and Schaft Big Dog Atlas Schaft Others
  • ROBOTICS Tesla tendon-driven charger Others
  • ROBOTICS Amazon Challenge The winner moved 10 out of 12 objects in a 20-minute period Others
  • ROBOTICS Underwater robot OpenROV underwater exploration robot Others
  • ROBOTICS da Vinci surgical robot Over 200,000 surgeries per year from 3,000 locations Others
  • ROBOTICS Pet therapy robot The “Paro” baby seal robot by AIST behaves like a pet and helps patients relax Others
  • ROBOTICS Agribots • Harvesting, irrigation, pruning, weeding and thinning devices are being field-tested worldwide. • Automated spraying and seeding are done in Japan and Australia. • Cow milking is growing; nurseries are beginning to use pick-and-place robots. • Aerial observation robots along with in-field sensors might support the growing field of “precision agriculture”. Source: The Robot Report
 July 2014 Others
  • ROBOTICS Agribots Picking strawberries requires computer vision Others
  • ROBOTICS Other robots • Some fields of robotics are still confined to experiments and labs. • Among them: • Modular robotics • Biomimetic robots • Soft robotics Others
  • ROBOTICS Biomimetics Festo creates spectacular biomimicking robots Others
  • ROBOTICS EPFL develops adaptive robots inspired by nature Amphibious salamander robot Cat-like robot BiomimeticsOthers
  • ROBOTICS Reconfigurable robots Roombots are modular robot at EPFL They could power modular furniture Others
  • ROBOTICS Soft robotics Inflatable arm by Pneubotics Others
  • ROBOTICS “A robot is just as good as its grippers” - Robotics proverb Others Grippers
  • ROBOTICS Versaball gripper by Empire Robotics Others This “jamming gripper” used to be filled with ground coffee
  • ROBOTICS Festo FinGripperOthers Bends naturally around objects
  • ROBOTICS Others Biomimetic gripper The Dexterous Hand by Shadow Robotics uses 129 sensors, 24 motors and 26 micro-controllers
  • ROBOTICS Lightweight grippers with ceramic tendons by SAKE Robotics Others Lightweight grippers
  • ROBOTICS And finally… This robot solved a Rubik’s cube in 2.39 seconds Others
  • ROBOTICS 2016 & BEYOND
  • Will robots get their “Macintosh moment”? ROBOTICS 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS • “Plug&play” hardware & software part will help more projects start. • Lower price & size of components 
 will open new opportunities. A low-cost LIDAR, for instance, would be a boon to robotics. Some sub-$500 units are apparently on their way for 2016! 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS • Service robots will grow
 The “robot-as-a-service” business model will spread as well. It is, in fact, not so different from renting a Xerox machine 
 or hiring a cleaning agency. • Non-robot devices will get smarter 
 with computer vision and other sensors. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Robots are still too dumb Most consumer robots are wired or remote controlled. Barely robots, in fact! “Better & cheaper chips are needed for path planning, inverse kinematics, image processing, object and face recognition, or collaborative automation.” “You can’t make an iPhone out of an Arduino” 2016 & beyond Dan Corkum Co-founder, Carbon Robotics
  • ROBOTICS Resolution is too low • Hobby-level steppers and RC servos are 100x to 1,000x worse than basic industrial robots. “It is like comparing a Game Boy to an HDTV” • This hurts accuracy, precision & repeatability. • Low-grade drivetrains add slip, flex & backlash. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Safety is largely ignored Most consumer robots are not powerful enough to be a danger, but for how long? “A robot strong enough to do something you really want can also do something you really don’t want.” The issues and ethics of autonomous car collisions might apply to others robots living alongside humans. Better find how to avoid collisions! 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Plug & play hardware More technical bricks are still needed to made robotics easier. ROS makes a lot of hardware plug & play and is used by most startups focused on autonomous ground robotics Open source projects like ROS, OpenCV and Linux made robotics more accessible to mainstream software engineers. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Interfaces still suck Better interfaces are required to allow non-experts to interact with robots “We need natural user interfaces.
 Think less along the lines of 
 controlling with a joystick, 
 and more like asking
 to complete a task.” 2016 & beyond Dan Corkum Co-founder Carbon Robotics
  • ROBOTICS Most investors don’t “get” robotics • The hardware/software stack of robotics startups is much more complex than apps or low-cost consumer hardware. “Oh! Raspberry pi and kinects - cheap!” …NOT • To attract funding, the startup’s business case also needs to be proven quickly. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Robotics talent is lacking Robotics talent is not as readily available as full-stack web developers. Well-funded startups often resort to training in-house. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Robotics talent war • Uber hired about a third of Carnegie Mellon University’s famed robotics center staff, about 50 people in the first half of 2015 alone. • Google hired Robert Rose, the engineering manager who led Tesla’s Autopilot group. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Fear of robots? • Robots are often depicted as threats to our safety or jobs. Yet, their actions depend on their design and programming. • Robots are machines like cotton mills, washing machines and computers are.
 They can be workers, helpers, companions, pets, tools and toys. Measure of actual benefits and proper regulation can help public perception become more realistic. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS ABOUT HAX
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  • ROBOTICS Robotics startups at HAX
  • ADVANCED MANUFACTURING LIFESTYLEROBOTICS Several startups on a “Fitbit trajectory” “Lego for robotics” “Polaroid” mobile case Circuit board printer $9 computer Smart lights Mobile blood testingHEALTH IoT ENABLEMENT LIFESTYLE
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  • THE STATE OF ROBOTICS 2015
  • ROBOTICS Foreword This report shares our experiences in the space since the creation of the 'Robotics' track at HAX.
 The full “Hardware Trends 2016” report will be published next year. Comments are welcome! Thanks to HAX robotics founders and industry friends for their contributions, and to all robotics lovers out there who help make things happen. Benjamin Joffe (ben@hax.co) Cyril Ebersweiler (cyril@hax.co) Duncan Turner (duncan@hax.co) Email: makeit@hax.co Apply: www.hax.co Twitter: @hax_co Intro mailto:ben@hax.co mailto:cyril@hax.co mailto:duncan@hax.co mailto:makeit@hax.co http://www.hax.co http://www.twitter.com/hax_co
  • • What’s a robot today? • What happened in 2015? • What are the trends? • What barriers remain? • What’s coming next? ROBOTICS A few questionsIntro
  • Source: HAX State of Robotics, November 2015 ROBOTICS Intro The robots are coming! Drones Autonomous Vehicles Service Robotics RoboMing Tools + most major car makers (Toyota, Volkswagen, GM, Renault-Nissan, Hyundai-Kia, etc.) Robot Arms Cobots Robot Toys Lifestyle Robots Social Robots Robots are getting cheaper, smarter, more varied and reaching new industries. Others
  • ROBOTICS WHAT’S A ROBOT?
  • ROBOTICS HAX definition A device that adapts to its environment thanks to autonomous movement and autonomous decisions What’s a robot?
  • ROBOTICS Not a robot Sorry guys What’s a robot?
  • ROBOTICS Barely a robot? • Most don’t adapt and make decisions. • Yet, they are gradually entering the field of robotics thanks to computer vision and adaptive algorithms. Drones 3d printersRoombas Factory arms What’s a robot?
  • ROBOTICS Platforms Several hardware and software “platforms” help the development of robotics projects: ROS: Robot Operating System
 OpenCV: open source computer vision library Developer arms: various of projects Anatomy of a robot
  • ROBOTICS Actuators • Actuators convert energy mostly into rotational or linear motion. • “Motors” are actuators, as are pneumatics, hydraulics, solenoids or shape-memory alloys and polymers (SMA/SMPs). Source: www.robotshop.com Anatomy of a robot http://www.robotshop.com
  • ROBOTICS Pneumatic & HydraulicDC linear actuator Stepper motorGeared DC motor Linear SMA “Classic” DC motor Solenoid Industrial servo Anatomy of a robot Actuators
  • ROBOTICS • How many senses can a robot have?
 Surely more than five! • A flurry of sensors have been made smaller, cheaper and better thanks notably to sales
 of smartphones and gaming consoles. • Sound: infra, audible, ultrasound • Light: IR, visible, UV, in particular for RGBD/LIDAR used for SLAM (simultaneous localization & mapping) • Touch: piezo/pressure • Smell: chemical • Other: accelerometer, gyroscope, GPS, barometer, temperature, fingerprint, and many more! SensorsAnatomy of a robot
  • Multi-touch touchscreen display, triple microphone configuration, M8 motion coprocessor, 3-axis gyroscope, accelerometer, digital compass, iBeacon, proximity sensor, ambient light Touch ID fingerprint reader, barometer ROBOTICS Robots can thank Apple, Microsoft and Nintendo SensorsAnatomy of a robot
  • ROBOTICS Microcontrollers & Microprocessors • Microcontrollers and microprocessor are the onboard control, the “brain”. • They very in cost, size, power, community/ support, availability and complexity… • The options range from a chip to a development board or a full-blown computer. Source: www.robotshop.com Anatomy of a robot http://www.robotshop.com
  • ROBOTICS The brains Various ways to control Anatomy of a robot
  • ROBOTICS 2015 IN REVIEW
  • ROBOTICS Overall Trends • Faster, better, cheaper components • More startups, more funding • Robot-as-a-Service growing 2015 in Review
  • • More investments (sample) ROBOTICS More funding for robots • Funding for drones 2015 in Review
  • ROBOTICS Large players in the space2015 in Review
  • ROBOTICS ROBOTS
  • ROBOTICS Drones
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Major investments in 2015. • Most are still glorified RC copters. • Effort is put on software for navigation, obstacle avoidance and some vertical applications like surveying & delivery. “Drones are still pretty dumb. The biggest obstacle right now is… the ability to avoid obstacles.” Chris Anderson, CEO, 3DR Drones
  • ROBOTICS Commoditization of hardware, some as cheap as $10 Drones for funDrones
  • ROBOTICS France’s Parrot released a series of mini-drones including an hydrofoil Drones for funDrones
  • ROBOTICS China’s DJI raised $105M and launched a $10M drone fund Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Drones for imagery 3DR raised $99M Drones
  • ROBOTICS China’s Yuneec raised $60M Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS China’s eHang raised $52M Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS France’s Parrot raised $35M Market cap is $290M (Dec 1, 2015) Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS China’s XAircraft raised $20M Drones for imageryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Amazon unveiled its new Air Prime delivery drone Drones for deliveryDrones
  • ROBOTICS SF Express said to deliver 500 packages per day in Southern China Drones for deliveryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Alibaba tests drone delivery for its Taobao service Drones for deliveryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Long flight drone The Tailwing drone by Skyfront promises 4 hours of flight time with its hybrid-electric technology Drones
  • ROBOTICS Drones for inspection Collision-happy drone by Flyability Drones
  • • GoPro announced its own camera drone for 2016. • A flurry of other drone companies received angel, seed financing,
 and/or crowdfunded. • Many startups are yet to ship their first product. ROBOTICS Other dronesDrones
  • • Key players in the drone space have formed the Small UAV Coalition to inform policy makers and promote safety. • Members include Amazon, DJI, 3DR, Google, GoPro, Parrot and more ROBOTICS Drone IndustryDrones
  • ROBOTICS Drones for sports First-person view drone racing might become a thing Drones
  • ROBOTICS Autonomous Vehicles
  • ROBOTICS • Autonomous vehicles are now a mainstream topic. • On the road with Tesla autopilot. Google, Uber and car makers are also on the job. • Regulations making progress. Vehicles Trends
  • USA ROBOTICS Tesla released its autopilot feature Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Google’s cars have driven 1.2M miles on the road, and 3M miles / day running scenarios Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Komatsu autonomous trucks in Australia at a mine operated by Rio Tinto Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Autonomous bus being tested in China Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Driverless tractors are getting started Vehicles
  • USA ROBOTICS Robot car racing “In the future, all vehicles will be assisted by AI and powered by electricity, improving the environment and road safety.” Denis Sverdlov Founder of Kinetik & ROBORACE Races with autonomous cars will take place before Formula E on the same circuits Vehicles
  • ROBOTICS Service Robots
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Entering more industries • Robot-as-a-Service model • More companies & funding “Autonomous ground service robots today have the same kind of momentum that drones enjoyed 2-3 years back.” M.A. Shah, Co-founder, Simbe Robotics Service robots
  • Amazon bought Kiva for $775M. Over 15,000 robots are deployedROBOTICS WarehouseService robots
  • India’s GreyOrange raised $30MROBOTICS WarehouseService robots
  • ROBOTICS “Fetch” and “Freight” robots by Fetch Robotics pick and move things in warehouses WarehouseService robots
  • ROBOTICS inVia robots reach new heights WarehouseService robots
  • ROBOTICS Locus Robotics deployed 10 robots at Quiet Logistics Service robots Warehouse
  • ROBOTICS Savioke already has 30 “Relay” offering room service HospitalityService robots
  • ROBOTICS Robot waiters do their best to follow lines at this restaurant HospitalityService robots
  • ROBOTICS Hospitality This dinosaur robot works as a receptionist at Japan’s Hen Na Hotel Service robots
  • ROBOTICS Knightscope robots patrol premises SurveillanceService robots
  • Surveillance ROBOTICS Autonomous watchtowers by Insight Robotics detect fires using the heat signatures of forests Service robots
  • ROBOTICS OSHrobot by Fellow Robots is a sales assistant at a Lowe’s Hardware store RetailService robots
  • ROBOTICS “Tally” by Simbe Robotics counts Doritos and more RetailService robots
  • ROBOTICS Remote-controlled demolition robot by Husqvarna ConstructionService robots
  • ROBOTICS Commercial cleaning robot by Avidbots Industrial CleaningService robots
  • ROBOTICS Dispatch and Starship are two startups aiming for last-mile deliveries DeliveryService robots
  • ROBOTICS Bumber painting robot by Rational Robotics AutoshopService robots
  • ROBOTICS The sub-$1,000 robot by Roboming competes with market leader Double Robotics TelepresenceService robots
  • ROBOTICS Lifestyle Robots
  • ROBOTICS • Robots in the house! • Most are still very simple in terms of decision and movement autonomy, but they are improving and coming down in price. Life- style Trends
  • ROBOTICS iRobot sold over 14M Roomba worldwide Many others entered the market iRobot has a $1B market cap Life- style
  • ROBOTICS Dyson’t 360 Eye has more sensors to clean your floor Life- style
  • ROBOTICS John Deere, Husqvarna, Bosch, Robomow and many others sell autonomous lawnmowers Life- style
  • ROBOTICS WINBOT robots by Ecovacs clean your windows Life- style
  • ROBOTICS The AquaTrek robot by Moai cleans your aquarium and streams its content Life- style
  • ROBOTICS The first robotic kitchen developed by Moley Robotics in collaboration with Shadow Robot Company & others mimics BBC Master Chef Tim Anderson’s moves Life- style
  • ROBOTICS Following suitcase by Nua Robotics Life- style
  • ROBOTICS Life- style Robot wannabes • Some recent devices are abusively called “robots”. • They perform interesting tasks, and might evolve toward true robotics. Bartesian: Cocktails Brewie: BeerMomentum Machines: Burgers Teforia: Tea Auroma: Coffee
  • ROBOTICS Robot toys
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Lines between toys, tools and education are not always clear. • Edubots = gateway to personalized learning & getting children into coding? “Right now, robotics technologies cannot make robots serve people well, but they can make people play well.” Jasen Wang, Founder, Makeblock Toys
  • ROBOTICS Sphero raised $92M for its ball-shaped robots Toys
  • ROBOTICS Anki raised $105M for its AI-powered toys Toys
  • ROBOTICS Makeblock raised $6M for its robotics kit Toys
  • ROBOTICS Robi sold over $100m kits via a $20 weekly magazine Toys
  • Education ROBOTICS Robo Wunderkind is an educational robot for kids Toys
  • ROBOTICS The CellRobot by Keyi Technologies is the first “affordable” modular robot Toys Modular
  • ROBOTICS Mecamons by Reach Robotics are AR-powered battle robots Toys
  • ROBOTICS iPal by AvatarMind wants to play with and teach your kid Toys
  • ROBOTICS Petronics makes autonomous robots for cats Toys for Pets
  • ROBOTICS Social Robots
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Several investors and corporates fund social robot projects heavily. • Will 2016 be the year they break into the market? Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Softbank acquired France’s Aldebaran Robotics and established a $589 robotics JV with Alibaba and Foxconn in 2015 Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Jibo raised $38.6M Social robots
  • ROBOTICS France’s Keecker raised $1.15M Social robots
  • ROBOTICS France’s Buddy by Blue Frog Robotics Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Mabu by Catalia Health helps with your meds and reports to your doctor Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Robots by Hanson Robotics mimic human expressions Social robots
  • ROBOTICS Robot Tools
  • ROBOTICS • Semi/fully-automated tools. Not exactly “autonomous” but soon-to-be robots. • Desktop-sized and affordable Tools Trends
  • ROBOTICS Consumer 3D printers range from $100~$5,000 Tools
  • ROBOTICS Circuit board printer Tools
  • ROBOTICS Othermill desktop CNC by Other Machine Co Tools
  • ROBOTICS The OpenTrons lab robot automates liquid handling Tools
  • ROBOTICS Computer-assisted power tool by Shaper Tools Tools
  • ROBOTICS Robotic arms
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Yaskawa, ABB, Fanuc & Kuka are world leaders. Chinese are growing. • Hobby arms are commoditizing. • Next step is a low-cost pro arm. “The holy grail of robotics is an industrial-grade sub-$5,000 arm” Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Kuka makes popular industrial arms Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Several hobby arms are below $2000 Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS 7Bot - $350 Makearm - $1,399 uArm - $279 Low-cost arms Dobot - $499 Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Carbon Robotics is working on a low-cost industry-grade arm Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS A robot arm by ABB Robotics put to work as a bartender Robot arms
  • ROBOTICS Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Trends • Collaborative Robots (Cobots) physically interact with humans in a shared workspace. • Cobots can be autonomous, help humans, or require help. • The next step is to make them operable and even trainable by non-experts. Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Baxter by Rethink Robotics handles low volume, high mix production jobs Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Denmark’s Universal Robots love working with humans Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Nextage cobots by Kawada Industries join for morning calisthenics Cobots
  • ROBOTICS ABB’s two-armed cobot socializes at high level Cobots
  • ROBOTICS Other Robots
  • ROBOTICS Google acquired Boston Dynamics and Schaft Big Dog Atlas Schaft Others
  • ROBOTICS Tesla tendon-driven charger Others
  • ROBOTICS Amazon Challenge The winner moved 10 out of 12 objects in a 20-minute period Others
  • ROBOTICS Underwater robot OpenROV underwater exploration robot Others
  • ROBOTICS da Vinci surgical robot Over 200,000 surgeries per year from 3,000 locations Others
  • ROBOTICS Pet therapy robot The “Paro” baby seal robot by AIST behaves like a pet and helps patients relax Others
  • ROBOTICS Agribots • Harvesting, irrigation, pruning, weeding and thinning devices are being field-tested worldwide. • Automated spraying and seeding are done in Japan and Australia. • Cow milking is growing; nurseries are beginning to use pick-and-place robots. • Aerial observation robots along with in-field sensors might support the growing field of “precision agriculture”. Source: The Robot Report
 July 2014 Others
  • ROBOTICS Agribots Picking strawberries requires computer vision Others
  • ROBOTICS Other robots • Some fields of robotics are still confined to experiments and labs. • Among them: • Modular robotics • Biomimetic robots • Soft robotics Others
  • ROBOTICS Biomimetics Festo creates spectacular biomimicking robots Others
  • ROBOTICS EPFL develops adaptive robots inspired by nature Amphibious salamander robot Cat-like robot BiomimeticsOthers
  • ROBOTICS Reconfigurable robots Roombots are modular robot at EPFL They could power modular furniture Others
  • ROBOTICS Soft robotics Inflatable arm by Pneubotics Others
  • ROBOTICS “A robot is just as good as its grippers” - Robotics proverb Others Grippers
  • ROBOTICS Versaball gripper by Empire Robotics Others This “jamming gripper” used to be filled with ground coffee
  • ROBOTICS Festo FinGripperOthers Bends naturally around objects
  • ROBOTICS Others Biomimetic gripper The Dexterous Hand by Shadow Robotics uses 129 sensors, 24 motors and 26 micro-controllers
  • ROBOTICS Lightweight grippers with ceramic tendons by SAKE Robotics Others Lightweight grippers
  • ROBOTICS And finally… This robot solved a Rubik’s cube in 2.39 seconds Others
  • ROBOTICS 2016 & BEYOND
  • Will robots get their “Macintosh moment”? ROBOTICS 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS • “Plug&play” hardware & software part will help more projects start. • Lower price & size of components 
 will open new opportunities. A low-cost LIDAR, for instance, would be a boon to robotics. Some sub-$500 units are apparently on their way for 2016! 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS • Service robots will grow
 The “robot-as-a-service” business model will spread as well. It is, in fact, not so different from renting a Xerox machine 
 or hiring a cleaning agency. • Non-robot devices will get smarter 
 with computer vision and other sensors. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Robots are still too dumb Most consumer robots are wired or remote controlled. Barely robots, in fact! “Better & cheaper chips are needed for path planning, inverse kinematics, image processing, object and face recognition, or collaborative automation.” “You can’t make an iPhone out of an Arduino” 2016 & beyond Dan Corkum Co-founder, Carbon Robotics
  • ROBOTICS Resolution is too low • Hobby-level steppers and RC servos are 100x to 1,000x worse than basic industrial robots. “It is like comparing a Game Boy to an HDTV” • This hurts accuracy, precision & repeatability. • Low-grade drivetrains add slip, flex & backlash. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Safety is largely ignored Most consumer robots are not powerful enough to be a danger, but for how long? “A robot strong enough to do something you really want can also do something you really don’t want.” The issues and ethics of autonomous car collisions might apply to others robots living alongside humans. Better find how to avoid collisions! 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Plug & play hardware More technical bricks are still needed to made robotics easier. ROS makes a lot of hardware plug & play and is used by most startups focused on autonomous ground robotics Open source projects like ROS, OpenCV and Linux made robotics more accessible to mainstream software engineers. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Interfaces still suck Better interfaces are required to allow non-experts to interact with robots “We need natural user interfaces.
 Think less along the lines of 
 controlling with a joystick, 
 and more like asking
 to complete a task.” 2016 & beyond Dan Corkum Co-founder Carbon Robotics
  • ROBOTICS Most investors don’t “get” robotics • The hardware/software stack of robotics startups is much more complex than apps or low-cost consumer hardware. “Oh! Raspberry pi and kinects - cheap!” …NOT • To attract funding, the startup’s business case also needs to be proven quickly. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Robotics talent is lacking Robotics talent is not as readily available as full-stack web developers. Well-funded startups often resort to training in-house. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Robotics talent war • Uber hired about a third of Carnegie Mellon University’s famed robotics center staff, about 50 people in the first half of 2015 alone. • Google hired Robert Rose, the engineering manager who led Tesla’s Autopilot group. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS Fear of robots? • Robots are often depicted as threats to our safety or jobs. Yet, their actions depend on their design and programming. • Robots are machines like cotton mills, washing machines and computers are.
 They can be workers, helpers, companions, pets, tools and toys. Measure of actual benefits and proper regulation can help public perception become more realistic. 2016 & beyond
  • ROBOTICS ABOUT HAX
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  • Shenzhen: HAX Accelerator Product / Market fit San Francisco: HAX Boost Product / Retail fit We invest in, accelerate and scale hardware companies The World’s First & Largest Hardware Accelerator
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  • ROBOTICS Robotics startups at HAX
  • ADVANCED MANUFACTURING LIFESTYLEROBOTICS Several startups on a “Fitbit trajectory” “Lego for robotics” “Polaroid” mobile case Circuit board printer $9 computer Smart lights Mobile blood testingHEALTH IoT ENABLEMENT LIFESTYLE
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