Open Humanitarian Initiative - August 2012 update

Technology

gisli-olafsson
  • 1.Open Humanitarian InitiativeAugust 2012
  • 2. Disaster response continues to be rated as “poor” with the lack ofinformation flow cited as one of the main reasons Inter Agency RTE* of the Response Major Reasons Cited by RTE“The difficulties encountered in “The response to the Haiti Earthquake in establishing an appropriate 2010 was a missed opportunity to system for collecting and translate the quick setting up of clusteranalyzing data in order to provide coordination and the availability of decision‐makers with information substantial resources into timely results” in a timely manner” were cited asone of the main reasons of poor Earthquake in HaitiresponseReal Time Evaluation reportfound that “the overall results“The information flow was massiveare considered to be bothbut with limited strategic usage (i.e.‘scattered’ and ‘patchy’”decision making and prioritization)”Floods in Pakistan “More consistent methods for“Nearly all agencies and organizations and integration of assessmentswere unable to mobilize the appropriatewould have minimized thecapacity to respond to the Darfur crisis”inattention to cross-sectoral issues, in particular protection and gender” Disaster in Darfur*RTE = Real Time Evaluation Report Having access to the right information seems to be one of the main factors that determines the difference between life and death2
  • 3. A number of issues have made an effective information managementsolution both an important opportunity and a massive undertaking High Level IssuesGranular Issues• Lack of information sharing betweenhumanitarian organizations • Lack of process standardization on how humanitarian data is• Lack of information management capacityProcessrepresented during data exchangeboth within local and internationalhumanitarian organizations as well aswithin governments and first responders in • Lack of access to the most currentdisaster prone countries.information required by responders Technologyto make fully informed decisions • Lack of a common platform for securely sharing humanitarian data These Issues are Costly• Increase in the amount of time it takes to collect • Lack of capacity to share, manage, analyze and disseminateand analyze data resulting in reducedOrganizationhumanitarian data both at theinformation availability which impacts the national and international levelresponders’ ability to do their job effectively• Increase costs to emergency response agenciesdue to multiple data collection iterations • Lack of willingness to share humanitarian information• Lack of data leads to an increase in operational Governancecosts such as transportation and distributioncosts3
  • 4. In order to address these issues, a number of people from differentorganizations came together to focus on two key objectives Open Humanitarian InitiativeSTREAM1 - TECHNOLOGY STREAM2 - CAPACITY BUILDING Main Objective: Main Objective: • Improve information sharing between • Improve information management capacity both humanitarian organizationswithin local and international humanitarian organizations as well as within governments and first responders in disaster prone countries4
  • 5. The Open Humanitarian Initiative is divided into 6 areas to provide acomplete information management solutionProject DeliverablesImpact 1 • Interoperability: Data standards will be • Governments, NGOs and humanitarianSTREAM1 - TECHNOLOGY defined to ensure consistent organizations will be able to move and terminology and to enable data sharing share information between differenttechnical solutions 2 • Data Sharing Platform: A data sharing• Ensures data can be shared remotely platform will combine, store and share between organizations and can be humanitarian response data using the accessed from any location enabling data standards schemas defined better decision making 3 • Visualization: An interface will be• Organizations and responders will be able created where data can be processed, to visualize the required data in the ideal analyzed and displayed in differentformat formats such as graphs, tables, charts, dashboards, maps etc… 4 • Capacity Building: Local disaster• People trained in using information management authorities as well asmanagement tools, such as the OHI humanitarian organization staff will beplatform, leading to better crisisSTREAM2 - CAPACITY trained in the use of informationinformation management management tools, such as the OHI platform BUILDING 5 • Digital Volunteers: Local and global • Culture of information management digital volunteer communities will beestablished, leading to an increase in created, fostered and trained in the use responder capacity and data availability of information management tools 6 • Research and Innovation: A culture of• Increase in the quality of the analysis research and innovation establishedperformed resulting in increased OHI tool within the information managementeffectiveness field in disaster prone regions5
  • 6. Unique initiative built around collaboration and innovationWith subset of potential partners, we..• Leverage existing investmentsDon’treinvent• Scale-out best practicesthe wheel • Inter-operate with existing solutions• Not do yet-another set of pilots that don’t go anywhere • Public-private partnership at it’s fullest extendUtilizeBroad• Work with private sector, academic community, UN agencies and digital volunteer groupsCommunity • Work closely with governments in disaster prone countries • Flexible funding modelAre Flexible • Simple, yet effective governance model • Managed through agile project management methodology 6
  • 7. Bringing together a broad set of potential partners is a key success factor Subset of potential partnersRole within OHIGlobal Technology Companies• Support with the design and implementation of the data platform, visualization and interoperability • Provide the technology such as hosting services and software • Provide guidance and in-kind development supportAcademic Institutions • Support with the research and innovation approach • Help with training and learning material • Provide guidance and in-kind supportHumanitarian Institutions • Support with the overall project • Provide guidance and leadership • Provide in-kind support7
  • 8. High Level Architecture DiagramExisting Platforms Visualization GUI SQL Azure ArcGISOther Custom OCHA 3WIFRC - DMISReporting OnlineVisualizations Etc … Data Sharing HXLPlatform KML/RSSSQL AzureSend and receiveData in HXL format(Pub/Sub) Fusion TablesWeb Based, Open,server-to-serverpublish/subscribeprotocol FreeBase8
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    Description
    Overview of the Open Humanitarian Initiative - slides used in a G+ hangout on August 30th, 2012.
    Text
    • 1.Open Humanitarian InitiativeAugust 2012
  • 2. Disaster response continues to be rated as “poor” with the lack ofinformation flow cited as one of the main reasons Inter Agency RTE* of the Response Major Reasons Cited by RTE“The difficulties encountered in “The response to the Haiti Earthquake in establishing an appropriate 2010 was a missed opportunity to system for collecting and translate the quick setting up of clusteranalyzing data in order to provide coordination and the availability of decision‐makers with information substantial resources into timely results” in a timely manner” were cited asone of the main reasons of poor Earthquake in HaitiresponseReal Time Evaluation reportfound that “the overall results“The information flow was massiveare considered to be bothbut with limited strategic usage (i.e.‘scattered’ and ‘patchy’”decision making and prioritization)”Floods in Pakistan “More consistent methods for“Nearly all agencies and organizations and integration of assessmentswere unable to mobilize the appropriatewould have minimized thecapacity to respond to the Darfur crisis”inattention to cross-sectoral issues, in particular protection and gender” Disaster in Darfur*RTE = Real Time Evaluation Report Having access to the right information seems to be one of the main factors that determines the difference between life and death2
  • 3. A number of issues have made an effective information managementsolution both an important opportunity and a massive undertaking High Level IssuesGranular Issues• Lack of information sharing betweenhumanitarian organizations • Lack of process standardization on how humanitarian data is• Lack of information management capacityProcessrepresented during data exchangeboth within local and internationalhumanitarian organizations as well aswithin governments and first responders in • Lack of access to the most currentdisaster prone countries.information required by responders Technologyto make fully informed decisions • Lack of a common platform for securely sharing humanitarian data These Issues are Costly• Increase in the amount of time it takes to collect • Lack of capacity to share, manage, analyze and disseminateand analyze data resulting in reducedOrganizationhumanitarian data both at theinformation availability which impacts the national and international levelresponders’ ability to do their job effectively• Increase costs to emergency response agenciesdue to multiple data collection iterations • Lack of willingness to share humanitarian information• Lack of data leads to an increase in operational Governancecosts such as transportation and distributioncosts3
  • 4. In order to address these issues, a number of people from differentorganizations came together to focus on two key objectives Open Humanitarian InitiativeSTREAM1 - TECHNOLOGY STREAM2 - CAPACITY BUILDING Main Objective: Main Objective: • Improve information sharing between • Improve information management capacity both humanitarian organizationswithin local and international humanitarian organizations as well as within governments and first responders in disaster prone countries4
  • 5. The Open Humanitarian Initiative is divided into 6 areas to provide acomplete information management solutionProject DeliverablesImpact 1 • Interoperability: Data standards will be • Governments, NGOs and humanitarianSTREAM1 - TECHNOLOGY defined to ensure consistent organizations will be able to move and terminology and to enable data sharing share information between differenttechnical solutions 2 • Data Sharing Platform: A data sharing• Ensures data can be shared remotely platform will combine, store and share between organizations and can be humanitarian response data using the accessed from any location enabling data standards schemas defined better decision making 3 • Visualization: An interface will be• Organizations and responders will be able created where data can be processed, to visualize the required data in the ideal analyzed and displayed in differentformat formats such as graphs, tables, charts, dashboards, maps etc… 4 • Capacity Building: Local disaster• People trained in using information management authorities as well asmanagement tools, such as the OHI humanitarian organization staff will beplatform, leading to better crisisSTREAM2 - CAPACITY trained in the use of informationinformation management management tools, such as the OHI platform BUILDING 5 • Digital Volunteers: Local and global • Culture of information management digital volunteer communities will beestablished, leading to an increase in created, fostered and trained in the use responder capacity and data availability of information management tools 6 • Research and Innovation: A culture of• Increase in the quality of the analysis research and innovation establishedperformed resulting in increased OHI tool within the information managementeffectiveness field in disaster prone regions5
  • 6. Unique initiative built around collaboration and innovationWith subset of potential partners, we..• Leverage existing investmentsDon’treinvent• Scale-out best practicesthe wheel • Inter-operate with existing solutions• Not do yet-another set of pilots that don’t go anywhere • Public-private partnership at it’s fullest extendUtilizeBroad• Work with private sector, academic community, UN agencies and digital volunteer groupsCommunity • Work closely with governments in disaster prone countries • Flexible funding modelAre Flexible • Simple, yet effective governance model • Managed through agile project management methodology 6
  • 7. Bringing together a broad set of potential partners is a key success factor Subset of potential partnersRole within OHIGlobal Technology Companies• Support with the design and implementation of the data platform, visualization and interoperability • Provide the technology such as hosting services and software • Provide guidance and in-kind development supportAcademic Institutions • Support with the research and innovation approach • Help with training and learning material • Provide guidance and in-kind supportHumanitarian Institutions • Support with the overall project • Provide guidance and leadership • Provide in-kind support7
  • 8. High Level Architecture DiagramExisting Platforms Visualization GUI SQL Azure ArcGISOther Custom OCHA 3WIFRC - DMISReporting OnlineVisualizations Etc … Data Sharing HXLPlatform KML/RSSSQL AzureSend and receiveData in HXL format(Pub/Sub) Fusion TablesWeb Based, Open,server-to-serverpublish/subscribeprotocol FreeBase8
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